Research Scenario

CU_Horiz_RGB 7860 Week 6 Assignment Template

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Research Scenario

Research Approach Qualitative

A learner was asked to describe a qualitative research approach. This was their response:

“The main goal of qualitative research is to understand how individuals or groups make meaning of social/human phenomena. This meaning making is captured via a natural environment where the data is collected directly from the participants, in their setting. The data is analyzed using an inductive approach that requires specific details to be presented as a collection of themes. The corresponding philosophical worldview for qualitative research is postpositivism.”

After reading this statement, which of these statements best describes the error made by the student in describing qualitative methods? _______

1. This is a good description of the qualitative method that is free from major errors.

2. Meaning making is not part of qualitative research.

3. The data collection describe is not consistent with qualitative research.

4. The philosophical worldview is not correct for qualitative research.

Provide a brief evaluation below (3-4 sentences) of the learner’s response and what errors you noticed (if any). Is there anything else you think should have been added?

 

Research Approach Quantitative

A learner was asked to describe a quantitative research approach. This was their response:

“Experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental are the staple designs for quantitative research studies. These are all predetermined methods, that means that selecting the design comes with a set procedure. The data is collected by the researcher; therefore, the researcher is the data collection instrument. The data analysis is statistical with an accompanying statistical interpretation.”

After reading this statement, which of these statements best describes the error made by the student in describing quantitative methods? _______

1. This is a good description of the qualitative method that is free from major errors.

2. Quantitative research is limited only to experimental designs.

3. Quantitative research is limited only to non-experimental designs.

4. The researcher is not the data collection instrument.

Provide a brief evaluation below (3-4 sentences) of the learner’s response and what errors you noticed (if any). Is there anything else you think should have been added?

 

Literature Review

A learner was asked to describe a literature review. This was their response:

“A literature search is conducted to find out what scholarly work has been published on any topic. If we take the topic of first generation college students and resilience at a four year University and want to explore it in the field of psychology, we may ask: “What does the psychology literature tell us about first generation college students, resiliency, and four year Universities?” The literature search should begin in the psychology databases. The literature review may allow readers to address gaps in the scholarship that prompts further research. A research topic is not necessary, but it is helpful when sorting through the literature.”

After reading this statement, which of these statements best describes the error made by the student in describing a literature review? _______

1. This is a good description of a literature review that is free from major errors.

2. The literature review statement is correct and free from errors.

3. A research topic is needed when searching the literature.

4. Identifying gaps in the literature is not important for research.

Provide a brief evaluation below (3-4 sentences) of the learner’s response and what errors you noticed (if any). Is there anything else you think should have been added?

Theory

A learner was asked to describe the need for theory in research. This was their response:

“Theoretical frameworks are used as lenses to explain phenomenon. Theories have a reciprocal relationship with research. They help us understand the topic and research helps advance theory. When considering research on a topic, it is important to understand how theory informs the topic and how the topic will advance the theory. If we take the topic of first-generation college students, resiliency, and 4-year universitieswe could choose social learning theory to understand how this student population thrives or struggles in the learning environment. Alternatively, we may be interested in knowing how adult learning theory may help shed light on the differences between resiliency among first-generation students and non-traditional students in the 4-year university environment.”

After reading this statement, which of these statements best describes the error made by the student in describing a literature review? _______

1. This is a good description of the theory that is free from major errors.

2. Theory only appears in qualitative studies.

3. Theory only appears in quantitative studies.

4. Theory is not important to developing a topic.

Provide a brief evaluation below (3-4 sentences) of the learner’s response and what errors you noticed (if any). Is there anything else you think should have been added?

Ethical Considerations

A learner was asked to describe the ethical considerations in research. This was their response:

“When making ethical considerations for a research study. It is important to review and understand how ethics impacts the study, from beginning to end. Prior to conducting the study, it is important to become familiar with the major principles of the Belmont Report. These principles cover recruitment, informed consent, and confidentiality. Ethical research also requires that researchers commit to safeguards of data collection, data analysis, and reporting, sharing, and storing the data. Institutional review boards (IRBs) will want to know about the research design and all aspects of the study that require regulatory compliance. For example, if researchers want to recruit participants from university campuses, that needs to be disclosed due to regulations, but nothing further is required.”

After reading this statement, which of these statements best describes the error made by the student in describing ethical considerations? _______

1. This is a good description of the ethical considerations that is free from major errors.

2. Ethics only need to be considered in qualitative studies because they take place in the natural environment.

3. Ethics only need to be considered in quantitative studies because numerical data and statistics are involved.

4. Site permission is required for any recruitment and/or data collection plan taking place at a specific site.

Provide a brief evaluation below (3-4 sentences) of the learner’s response and what errors you noticed (if any). Is there anything else you think should have been added?

The Introduction

A learner was asked to describe the role of the introduction section of a research study or article. This was their response:

“The introduction of a research study or research study proposal is the context for the rest of the paper. The introduction is the first encounter with the main issue that implores a research study. The introduction should include five areas to be considered robust. It must a) address the research problem, b) provide a review of studies that have addressed the problem, c) indicate the deficiencies in previous research, d) clarify the significance of the study, and e) include a purpose statement. The introduction to a qualitative research study is very different form that of a quantitative research study. They must be written with specific regard to the methodology.”

After reading this statement, which of these statements best describes the error made by the student in describing the introduction to a study? _______

1. This is a good description of the research introduction that is free from major errors.

2. The five parts presented here are not required for a good introduction.

3. An introduction is optional for a research study or proposal.

4. The introduction does not have to be written with specific regard to the methodology.

Provide a brief evaluation below (3-4 sentences) of the learner’s response and what errors you noticed (if any). Is there anything else you think should have been added?

 

The Purpose Statement

A learner was asked to describe the need for a purpose statement in research studies. This was their response:

“The purpose statement of a study or research proposal is to state the intent of the study. Unlike the introduction, the purpose statement should be written specifically to underscore the methodology. A purpose statement for a qualitative methodological study will be different than a purpose statement for a quantitative methodological study. The purpose statement should also be written in alignment with the rest of the study. One of the most important facts of the purpose statement is that it is not the same as the problem statement.”

After reading this statement, which of these statements best describes the error made by the student in describing a purpose statement? _______

1. This is a good description of the problem statement that is free from major errors.

2. The purpose statement is similar to the introduction and does not require differentiation based on methodology.

3. Purpose statements are not required; they are optional.

4. The purpose statement stands alone and does not need to connect to other parts of the study.

Provide a brief evaluation below (3-4 sentences) of the learner’s response and what errors you noticed (if any). Is there anything else you think should have been added?

 

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