Behind Homelessness


Behind Homelessness

Jalissa K. Parks

Counselor Education and Family Studies, Liberty University









Behind Homelessness

The rise of rates of homeless people in society is affecting the overall outlook of a productive culture. Societies need to work closely with other institutions, such as healthcare, employment, elderly persons, and juvenile centers, to improve homeless people’s livelihood. Homeless people face different community challenges due to the rise in healthcare disparities, the higher rates of unemployment, veterans, and lack of social support. The paper will provide an in-depth analysis of the homeless people and the different factors affecting them. The paper’s main foundation is to provide lessons learned from the empirical studies of homeless people’s culture.

Key Things Learned

Attitudes, Beliefs, and Values

According to Klop et al., 2018, the challenge affecting homeless people’s care is the disparity in the system. The homeless people are faced with different challenges, which affect their attention to medical care and support from society. Homeless people need care but accessing the system and using this support is the main challenge. The challenges are from the value and people’s attitudes and perceptions of homeless culture and community.

Group Self-perceptions and Issues Related to Stereotyping

Based on the research conducted by Doroshenko et al., 2012, homeless youth have a positive perception based on their attention to learning and discussing health and immunization matters. A variable concept, which influences their development is the lack of effective attention from society. Society perceives the community of homeless people are not learned and do not have a positive attitude. As defined, the homeless community only needs guidance and a support system.

Customs, Practices, Behaviors

It is important to have a recollection of the incidence factors resulting in homelessness and deviant behavior. Based on Tsai, J., & Rosenheck, R. A. (2013), conduct is largely associated with learning and determining childhood development’s key aspects. As indicated, abuse affects adulthood, and childhood abuse leaves scars, and the willingness to have a deviant behavior. Veterans are facing the challenge of dealing with childhood trauma and conduct.


According to Tsai & Rosenheck (2013), the research suggests widely associated support from Christianity groups. The groups are part of the support system, and this is the trend in focusing on self-care, care and developmental support, and diversifying society’s needs. As a result, religion is the home element for homelessness, and many Christians are involved in care activities and supporting therapy needs.

Societal Perceptions, Opportunities, and Barriers in the U.S. and Internationally

The key barriers to positive perception and care are the system in the community. According to Doroshenko et al., 2012, the system challenges resource allocations and provides stable care to veterans and homeless people. For instance, healthcare and mental health is a need for homeless youth and veterans. But, the medical coverage and care provided alienate the need of this group. It is a barrier to healthcare and support in the system.

Key Historical Events and Figures Impacting the Culture 

According to Klop et al., 2018, care avoidance culture is associated with long-term avoidance and lack of social skills. Awareness is important when dealing with care, and the only aspect to consider is the definition of social development and stability. The main aim of care is to define a structure of historical processes and policies supporting social development and diversity. As a result, care needs to be transparent and ideal.

Key Things Learned Through Internet/Media

The media provides a good structure for studying the interactions between homeless culture and other mainstream societies. For instance, through media use, homeless people are defined as a culture of people whose housing needs are not met. According to Klop et al., 2018, housing needs are part of a human being’s basic social needs. It is essential to have a good focus and role in ensuring people have social basic needs. Associating people with social needs is essential as it provides an opportunity to develop social programs. For instance, the federal community and other non-governmental organizations need to work closely to focus on stability and meet people’s social needs. These can be providing social housing programs—allocation of resources for medical programs and care. I’ve learned through KGTV, that 3.5 millions Americans are homeless.

Alternatively, there is a perception in which medical coverage and care avoidance are higher among homeless people. Based on the research conducted by Doroshenko et al., 2012, homeless people face different challenges, impacting their care. The notion of care avoidance among homeless youth and veterans is due to the system’s lack of knowledge and healthcare support. It is ideal to have a good structure and focus by developing the necessary development and growth elements. A key measure of growth is related and used by suitability and development. Its measures are defined within the probable conditions, social diversity, and considering the changes in culture and community.

Therefore, the media’s diversity in relating this culture to mainstream support influences communication, perception, and intervention programs. The media and research connect the literature in terms of perception and development. It is essential to focus on theoretical frameworks, such as interventions, communication, and social support programs. These programs are needed to improve the perception and attention towards homeless youth and culture. According to Project Home, chronic homelessness had an 9% increase between 2018-2019. However it is still 20% lower since 2007.


The surprises in the study were the perception of pastors and churches in care avoidance. According to Klop et al., 2018, pastors and church ministries imply a lack of consideration and care. It is essential to have a good standpoint when considering care avoidance and system barriers. Homeless people might lack knowledge of the system, affecting their capacity to seek medical and healthcare guidance. Care avoidance is also associated with higher medical coverage rates, which might affect the attention of society to homeless people. Homeless people need simple guidance, resource allocations, intervention from the pastors, and non-governmental agencies. I also found it shocking for the largest portion of this population to be single adults.

Impact on Expectations

The literature provides empirical studies, and the use of these findings is key and essential when deliberating on homeless peoples’ culture. The literature provides a closer look into the deliberation of what is needed and how it can be achieved in the research. The literature also connects theory on the culture of homeless people. For instance, in the empirical research of Klop et al., 2018, non-governmental organizations do not affect or consider the challenges of care avoidance. The only logical solution is when dealing with issues of intervention and dealing with care allocation. The internet and many other blogs and portals offer directive facts of the aim of the culture, its entities, and the directives of considering diversity and development. This aims to increase and improve interactions of support and social conventional growth in homeless culture. The diversity of this is focusing on development and social propensity for investing in care.



Doroshenko, A., Hatchette, J., Halperin, S. A., MacDonald, N. E., & Graham, J. E. (2012). Challenges to immunization: the experiences of homeless youth. BMC public health12(1), 338.

Klop, H. T., Evenblij, K., Gootjes, J. R., de Veer, A. J., & Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B. D. (2018). Care avoidance among homeless people and access to care: an interview study among spiritual caregivers, street pastors, homeless outreach workers and formerly homeless people. BMC Public Health18(1), 1095.

Tsai, J., & Rosenheck, R. A. (2013). Conduct disorder behaviors, childhood family instability, and childhood abuse as predictors of severity of adult homelessness among American veterans. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology48(3), 477-486.

Who Experiences Homelessness? (2019 March 6). National Alliance to End Homelessness.

Toborg, C. (2020, January 10). When it Comes To Homelessness in America, There is No Single Cause. KGTV.

Facts on Homelessness. (2020 October 5). Project HOME.

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