Unit 8 Journal Assignment: The Low Cost Dilemma
As the Internet proliferated in the 1990’s, trade barriers increasingly fell, and trade agreements
increased, more businesses across the world began to do business globally. Many countries
outside the United States (U.S.) were producing products much more cheaply due to lower labor
costs in those countries.
As an example, when WalPart discovered many years ago that they were losing market share
to other competitors, they began to look at ways to reduce costs. Originally, WalPart used
products produced in countries such as China and India among others, only to provide the
cheaper products at the end of the aisles to attract buyer attention. However, as competition
increased, WalPart realized they needed to source as much as possible from cheaper producers
from abroad in order to be competitive. As WalPart increased its product sourcing from abroad
in less costly markets than the U.S., prices not only at Walart, but also at its competitors,
began to fall. As prices fell, employers had to look for additional ways to economize. As the
globalization of businesses increased, industry after industry felt compelled to keep pace by
lowering their costs and their prices. In some cases, this meant jobs had to be either eliminated or
outsourced to where the labor costs were lower. As a result of these low-cost strategies, a large
number of Walmart’s suppliers as well as its major competitors are now located in China or
other low-cost manufacturing countries.
Some people say the pressure for profits from shareholders and Boards of Directors as well as
consumer demand have fueled the lowering of prices and the outsourcing of jobs to lower wage
countries at the expense of the American worker. As the largest U.S. retailer, Wal-Mart has
become a favorite target of criticism that its pursuit for profits often comes at the expense of
American jobs. Walmart officials counter that the firm is simply meeting the low-price demands
of U.S. consumers.
After you have read about Walmart and considered this content within the context of
Chapter 15 reading in this unit, journal your thoughts and feelings, about what you have read and
how this would or would not impact you.
Write your thoughts and impressions about this exercise in your Journal in an entry exceeding