Junius Applewhite

Choosing Your Focus Assignment


Professor: Keral Kirwan

January 29, 2018

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1. Keral

Jeral [Jeral Kirwan]




People make decisions on a daily basis. Every occupation involves some levels of people

making different choices. When employees and managers can make the same decisions, the

workplace thrives, and everyone is on the same accord. Educators have to make different

decisions day-to-day. Most educators that teach at the same grade level collaborate. Most of

them typically come together as a team and make small decisions. All educators should be a part

of the decisions making process that is happening within their school district.

In any event, despite how much logic people put in their decisions, personality will

always affect the way people make choices. In this case, experience, and most importantly

individual character are inevitable factors, but proactive self-awareness is fundamental in helping

how people weigh their decision making. Therefore the most exciting thing about decision

making is that they are dependent on the individual. Usually, every human being will make their

own unique decisions because personality informs every decision people make (Higgins, 2000).

Comprehensively an individual personality defines how he/she respond to others and the world

around them. Generally speaking, teacher profession plays an adamant role to mold the future of

future generations. Also, this career involves high commitment such as caring, understanding as

well as making critical decisions regarding students (Freeman, 1989). People, on the other hand,

have different factors that motivate them to choose teaching as a profession. My primary

motivation career as a teacher emancipate from my urge to transform society into a better place.

Decision-making and teaching as a profession are much related in the sense that teachers make

many decisions in efforts to promote students learning. Therefore in alignment with teaching as

my future career goal, I expect to plan, implement as well as assess to be part of my day to day


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1. school district.

Good introduction. [Jeral


2. Usually, every human

being will make their own

unique decisions because

personality informs every

decision people make

(Higgins, 2000).

It seems like you are trying to

do a literature review. This

assignment called for an

annotated bibliography.

[Jeral Kirwan]




Teachers are faced with a myriad of expectations. For instance, they are expected to meet

a specific standard with explicit definitions of what they must accomplish. Similarly, they are

also faced with high expectations of the community concerning their careers. Referring to

McKinsey data about in what way the world’s best-performing school-system came out of the

top, the primary drivers of the variation in students learning rely heavily on the quality of

educators. In this case, the quality of educators dramatically contributes to learning outcomes of

students than other factors such as the teaching methods or the role of parents to mention a few.

Participation in decision making and teacher’s commitment are two sides of the same

coin. They are essential components of the proper functioning of an organization that includes

the entire institution and most important the student’s development. For instance, due to high

competition globally institutions are interested in both organizational and professional growth of

employees especially through active participation in decision making and employees training

(Trevino, 1986). This being the case, it is also applicable to the institutions of learning.

According to Robison, commitment is a feeling of obligation to the job. On the other hand,

organizational involvement is known as a strong belief in and acceptance of organizational goals

and objectives. It is imperative because it depicts willingness to exert considerable efforts on

behalf of other stakeholders toward achievement of organizational goals. In this case, employee’s

commitment is vital in ensuring learning institutions operate efficiently. Further, decision

making is a factor that cannot be ignored in any learning institutions. Teacher’s collaboration in

decision making can lead to positive change.

For this reason, participation in decision making is of prime importance for effective

management (Guskey, 1986). More often than not, teachers are excluded in the process of

decision making. According to research conducted by Muindi, decision making particularly on

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school staffing, resource allocation to name a few are made by selected members of an

administrative, managerial team. The study further found that in many cases, teachers are not

involved in the process of decision making. From another perspective, teacher’s participation in

decision making is adamant because it helps to achieve organizational goals as teachers. Also,

teachers’ involvement in the decision-making process is fundamental in the sense that it

improves job satisfaction and equally important commitment. Basing this on my interest in social

psychology, through collaborative decision-making approach, educators benefit from one

another experience which in the end enhances their teaching effectiveness. Through this

interactive approach, teachers share constructive suggestions as well as appropriate feedbacks to

each other. In essence, teachers getting together to make decisions can transform learning

institutions positively.

Conferring with Wadesango, learning institutions needs to exercise inclusivity in the

decision-making process at a level that satisfies their needs. However, people who engage in

decision-making processes in an organization feel like they are part of a team with a common

goal. Also, participation in decision making allows educators to share their opinions, share their

knowledge with all stakeholders in a learning institution. Not only does this improve their

relationship but it as well encourages a strong sense of teamwork. Through their profession

teachers are confronted with a lot of challenges situations that require decision making. The

definition of teaching as the process of making as well as implementing decisions reflects the

importance of teachers involved in the decision-making process in an institution. Moving on,

when teachers experience professional development that promotes effective instructional

decision making, they can learn and also make decisions based on students’ behaviors, and

teaching behavior to name a few (Parker, & Fischhoff, 2005).

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To conclude, my teaching inspiration greatly correlates to the context of decision-making

processes in learning institutions. It’s almost impossible to discuss one without the mention of

the other. In this case, decision making and teacher as a profession are inseparable. Basically, the

idea is that teachers can take a more significant role in the overall success of an organization

especially if they are involved when it comes to making decisions. This is because they need to

feel that they have more to offer to the institution rather than just teaching within classrooms.

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Freeman, D. (1989). Teacher training, development, and decision making: A model of teaching

and related strategies for language teacher education. TESOL quarterly, 23(1), 27-45.

Higgins, E. T. (2000). Making a good decision: value from fit. American psychologist, 55(11),


Trevino, L. K. (1986). Ethical decision making in organizations: A person-situation interactionist

model. Academy of management Review, 11(3), 601-617.

Parker, A. M., & Fischhoff, B. (2005). Decision‐making competence: External validation

through an individual‐differences approach. Journal of Behavioral Decision

Making, 18(1), 1-27.

Guskey, T. R. (1986). Staff development and the process of teacher change. Educational

researcher, 15(5), 5-12.

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