- Explain how Streamlining was applied to objects during the 1920s and 1930s. Explain why designers used Streamlining. What was is meant to accomplish? Provide four specific object examples.
Streamlined Modern 1930-1939
Faith in technology
Cars, planes and trains
New materials & manufacturing methods
Unified envelope / housing
Smooth curved surfaces
Appearance of motion
Contour / Flow lines ornamentation
Clear simple human interfaces
Legibility in type and use
Four examples are:
Model 30 Vacuum Cleaner, Chrome-plated steel, aluminum, vinyl, rubber, plastic, 1937, United States, Lurelle Guild (designer), Electrolux (maker), Streamlined:
- Streamlined design. Has multiple functions giving it versatility and desire
- Made in aluminum which was a new material & uses Horizontal lines
- The design implies speed and efficiency in housework: seemed like progress during depression period
- Bold sans serif typeface screams the name-brand
- The new wave of cleaning products was all about creating more work
- Had a polishing attachment, a floor cleaner, and vaporizer for dispersing moth crystals.
- Modernity showed through the use of new material
- Fashionable yet relatively inexpensive, not restricted to the wealthy upper class.
“Zephyr Clock”, Brass and urea formaldehyde plastic, 1934, United States, Kem Weber (b. Germany) (designer), Lawson Time Inc., Streamlined:
- Machine age style
- Sleek look with horizontal lines
- Inspired by ocean liners and skyscrapers.
- Smooth surfaces and rounded corners
K4S Steam Locomotive, Welded sheet metal, 1936, United States, Raymond Loewy (designer), Streamlined
Model for Motor Car Number 9, 1932, United States, Norman Bel Geddes (designer), Streamlined
Attached are the photos of each example.