Evaluate the following paragraphs below with these question:
1. Does the introduction start with a hook?
2. Do the next few sentences tell us a little about the history or background of the topic?
3. Does the introduction define an audience for the paper?
4. Does each idea flow clearly and smoothly into the next idea using transitional words and phrases?
5. Does the introduction ease us into the topic without including argument?
6. Is there a linking sentence before the thesis?
7. Does the thesis argue for or against a specific and detailed situation or issue?
8. Is the thesis the last sentence in the introduction?
9. Does the conclusion start with a restatement of the thesis?
10. Is the thesis followed by a linking sentence?
11. Does each idea in the conclusion flow clearly and smoothly into the next idea?
12. Does the conclusion ease us out of the paper?
13. Is the audience re-engaged?
14. Does the conclusion address the future or discuss what should happen next?
15. Does it follow up with material from the hook in the introduction?
16. Are there problems with grammar in either paragraph?
17. Are there problems with punctuation?
18. Are there problems with capitalization?
19. Are there problems with diction (word choice)?
20. Are there problems with syntax (word order and sentence length)?
21. Is there quoted or paraphrased material?
22. Is the quoted or paraphrased material necessary or important to our understanding of the topic?
23. Is the quoted or paraphrased material properly introduced, cited, and explained?
24. Where would you like to see more information? Less?
25. What did you like the best about the introduction and conclusion?
The definition of natural disasters is any catastrophic event that is caused by nature or the natural processes of the earth. The severity of a disaster is measured in lives lost, economic loss, and the ability of the population to rebuild. Events that occur in unpopulated areas are not considered disasters. So a flood on an abandoned island would not count as a disaster, but a flood in a populated area is called a natural disaster. All natural disasters cause loss in some way. Depending on the severity, lives can be lost in any number of disasters. Falling buildings or trees, freezing to death, being washed away, or heat stroke are just some of the deadly effects. Some disasters cause more loss of life than others, and population density affects the death count as well. Then there is loss of property, which affects peopleâ€™s living quarters, transportation, livelihood, and means to live. â€œIn 2014, the east coast Malaysia had the worst flood disaster and many lost their home, belongings and everything was uncontrolled and messyâ€ (Ludin 1). Fields drenched in salt water after tsunamis take years to grow crops again. Homes destroyed by floods, hurricanes, cyclones, landslides and avalanches, a volcanic eruption, or an earthquake are often beyond repair or take many time to become livable again. Personal effects, memorabilia, vehicles, and documents also take a hit after many natural disasters. The natural disasters that really affect people globally tend to become more intense as the years go on. Frequency of earthquakes, mega storms, and heat waves has gone up considerably in the last few decades. Heavy population in areas that get hit by floods, cyclones, and hurricanes has meant that more lives are lost. In some areas, the population has gotten somewhat prepared for the eventuality of disasters and shelters are built for hurricanes and tornadoes. However, loss of property is still a problem, and predicting many natural disasters isnâ€™t easy. Scientists, geologists, and storm watchers work hard to predict major disasters and prevent as much damage as possible. With all the technology available, itâ€™s become easier to predict major storms, blizzards, cyclones, and other weather related natural disasters. Trauma is a big after effect of natural disasters and getting counseling has been the focus of aidâ€”to heal emotionally as well as physically. Itâ€™s clear that natural disasters are a part of life as we know it. However, science is making it more possible to predict, aid is faster at coming, and people are learning how to rebuild in safer areas.
Natural disasters, however powerful and sudden they may be capable of being guarded against. The modern technology has given enough gadgets to people for forecasting, and lessening if not totally preventing heavy damages inflicted upon by the natural disasters. Only requirement is that people must take interest in getting as much awareness as possible about the safeguard measures. It is also important to see that we do not contribute to natural disasters by polluting the environment and by not living in resonance with nature. Natural disasters were few and rare in the past, but has become more frequent and devastating recently. â€œMass disaster is a well-known devastating event that can cause difficulties in various instances for many inexperienced practitioners worldwide as exemplified by the Hillsborough football stadium disaster in 1989. The result is an escalated loss of life as exemplified by the air-craft crash on September 11, 2001, at the world trade center in the US that killed 2,751 peopleâ€ (Seleye-Fubara 52). This is mainly due to the modern people indulging in all sorts of practices which are against natural laws. We must learn how to respect Nature and should not meddle with the forces of Nature. If we do, it will bring tragedy eventually. This is one lesson that we have not learned so far. Even the modern scientist is sometimes blind to this idea. If you want to cut down the forests and build houses, there will be deprivation. It rains too much in some other part of the country or world resulting in floods. Climate changes happen in the normal course, but when we interfere with nature we see that climate changes are unusual and downpour advances earlier than normal or later than normal and this results in disaster again. Even the plants start giving grains, pulses, or fruits out of course and the quality of the products are greatly affected. So the lesson is not to interfere with nature any time and lead an undisturbed life. Briefly, natural disasters can have threatened our life and families, but various precautions can be implemented to live a normal life. As for it, try making an evacuation plan. Plan at least two evacuation routes since roads may become blocked or closed as due to landslides. It is important to understand manufactured disasters now that they can cause irreversible damage, and it is in fact ourselves who are causing these disasters because of our ignorance and some even being caused by intent. Without a doubt we have kept making terrible mistakes over the years, which is why it is time we take awareness and become more cautious so that we can care for our world and lower the rate of manufactured disasters.