Group of answer choices

Question 1

Which of the following attempts to define religion have we NOT discussed this semester?

Group of answer choices

Attempts to define “religion” inevitably involve the prejudices and social position of the theorist attempting the definition and are therefore unreliable

That the purpose of studying “religion” as an academic subject is to find the best and most correct religion among many competitors

That at least attempting a working definition of “religion” is a necessary part of studying the topic

That it is impossible to define “religion” with both enough specificity and breadth to capture all religions and nothing that is not religion.

Question 2

Young gives the following working definition of religion: “Religion is human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy.”

What does he mean by “ultimacy” in this definition?

Group of answer choices

Churches or communities: the places where we specifically enact a religion

God or the divine: that which is greater than humanity

Nature: the existing world and cosmos

Society at large: all of humanity, whether someone believes in religion or not

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 3

Please match the term with its best definition

Group of answer choices

Ritual

[ Choose ]             Human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy             Repeated acts that often symbolize human interaction with the divine             The handing-on of religious knowledge and/or that knowledge itself             A group of people holding a common religious belief             Practices continued over generations for principally superstitious reasons             Belief in the divinity or sacrality of ancestors             Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Hindu only

Religion

[ Choose ]             Human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy             Repeated acts that often symbolize human interaction with the divine             The handing-on of religious knowledge and/or that knowledge itself             A group of people holding a common religious belief             Practices continued over generations for principally superstitious reasons             Belief in the divinity or sacrality of ancestors             Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Hindu only

Community

[ Choose ]             Human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy             Repeated acts that often symbolize human interaction with the divine             The handing-on of religious knowledge and/or that knowledge itself             A group of people holding a common religious belief             Practices continued over generations for principally superstitious reasons             Belief in the divinity or sacrality of ancestors             Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Hindu only

Tradition

[ Choose ]             Human transformation in response to perceived ultimacy             Repeated acts that often symbolize human interaction with the divine             The handing-on of religious knowledge and/or that knowledge itself             A group of people holding a common religious belief             Practices continued over generations for principally superstitious reasons             Belief in the divinity or sacrality of ancestors             Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Hindu only

Question 4

Which of the following ARE understood to be Pillars of Islam?

Group of answer choices

Fasting

The Qur’an

Charity

Prayer

 

Question 5

Which of the following characteristics do the Yoruba and Oglala religions NOT share?

Group of answer choices

Survival of the colonial encounter

Veneration of ancestors

Specific devotion to the Creator

Religion as an ordering of life

Question 6

Which of the following is NOT a section of the Hebrew Tanakh?

Group of answer choices

Torah

Kethuvim

Septuagint

Nevi’im

 

Question 7

Which of the following did the Mahavira of Jainism and the Buddha of Buddhism have in common?

Group of answer choices

Became a strict vegan upon understanding the interconnectedness of all life

Attained nirvana after years of striving

Born a prince, but left luxury over spiritual dissatisfaction

Became divine following deep spiritual revelation

 

Question 8

Please select the words or phrases that best complete the following:

As a                              [ Select ]                          [“Buddhist”, “Hindu”, “Christian”, “Jain”]            , Henry follows the teachings of                             [ Select ]                          [“Zoroaster”, “Jesus of Nazareth”, “Muhammad”, “Stephen Jay Gould”]            . This includes believing that God is                             [ Select ]                          [“so remote that it doesn’t matter if God really exists”, “akin to a blind watchmaker”, “a single, unified, divine being”, “loving, all-powerful, and all-knowing”]            , which can be difficult to square with the persistent existence of suffering.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 9

It is absolutely necessary for a belief system to have a central creator, as has been the case for each religion we’ve studied this semester.

Group of answer choices

True

False

 

Question 10

Which ancient stories are the basis of the religious category we call “Hindu”?

Group of answer choices

The Truth

The Vedas

The Sutras

The Sanskrit

 

Question 11

Which religion that we studied this semester teaches that “unsatisfactory-ness” is a fundamental characteristic of existence?

Group of answer choices

Buddhism

Jainism

Hinduism

Islam

Question 12

Which set of the following religions share belief in a central creator deity, a cosmic conflict between good and evil, a linear understanding of time, and belief in a final judgment?

 

Zoroastrianism, Judiasm, Christianity, Islam

Yoruba, Oglala, Buddhism

Judaism, Christianity, Islam

Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism

Question 13

Which attitude best describes Europeans’ initial response to the religious practices of Africa and the Americas?

Group of answer choices

Accepting: they understood that the people they encountered were also responding to what they believed was the ultimate truth of existence

Curious: they eagerly wished to know more, because they knew that they did not have all of the answers to life’s mysteries

Dismissive: they did not think there was any religion there

Sympathetic: they knew that it would be difficult for practitioners of indigenous religions to gain a fair hearing among European authorities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 14

How many torahs are there in Judaism?

Group of answer choices

One: there is only one complete torah in Judaism

Two: the “written torah” is the scripture, and the “oral torah” is its interpretation

Five: each of the books of Moses is a “torah”. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy are all different torahs

Three: the torah, nevi’im, and kethuvim

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