3/13/2020 PSY105 & PSY101 – Page 7.1 – Introduction 1/2


7 Motivation / Page 7.1 Introduction


How does your self and social awareness skill help you understand your motivation?

Nicole Malachowski, someone who has always possessed high achievement motivation, speaks about how an injury forced her to adjust her goals.

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Despite what you might believe on your laziest days, we all seek to direct our energy in ways that will produce satisfaction and success. Social motives (such as affiliation and achievement) and biological motives (such as hunger) push us. In this week’s Story, Nicole Malachowski talks about how an unexpected injury affected her motivation. She remained as highly motivated as ever, but she had to learn how to redirect her energy in new ways and how to adjust her goals as she focused on survival and regaining basic skills during her recovery.

The goals you set, your beliefs about yourself, and your self and social awareness skill are all closely tied—they all affect the decisions you make and the actions you take. How are your beliefs and habits aligned with your decisions and goals? As you read



3/13/2020 PSY105 & PSY101 – Page 7.1 – Introduction 2/2

about the theories of motivation in this chapter, consider how you can more effectively direct your energy to achieve your goals and make better decisions.

Chapter 7 introduces how psychologists define and study motivation. You will examine the major theories of motivation and study how the specific beliefs that you can uncover using your self and social awareness skill influence your motivation. Specifically, we will discuss the following topics:

Theories of motivation. You will read about how instinct, drives, optimal arousal, and a hierarchy of needs influence your decisions. Achievement motivation. You will explore the characteristics, habits, and thoughts associated with achievement motivation. Metacognition. You will identify the skills and knowledge that help you effectively “think about your own thinking.” This type of thinking is crucial for your self and social awareness skill. Mindset. You will read about the powerful idea that how you think about your ability influences your decisions and behaviors. This is essential to your self and social awareness skill. Self-efficacy and self-regulation. You will learn how the way you think about yourself also influences your decisions, behaviors, and motivation. Grit. You will determine what keeps people motivated to passionately pursue long-term goals.

This week you will also complete Assignment 2: Case Study #2. This assignment will be submitted through Blackboard. You will apply psychological concepts to a realistic scenario to support and explain your ideas and decisions.


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