|Running head: FINAL ESSAY EXAM||1
|FINAL ESSAY EXAM||2
Describe Sternberg’s Triarchic theory of love and explain three key points from the video “How we will love” and related them to the theory.Lastly, how does your young adult identity development influence their ability to build strong relationships?
Sternberg’s theory of love shows love to be a personal relationship. According to this theory, love can be designated using three different scales which are intimacy, passion, and commitment. According to this theory, for love to survive, it needs to be withheld by more than one scale. The combination of three different scales can be explained differently.
From the video and theory, it is very clear that the three key points of love are intimacy, passion, and commitment (Anderson, 2016). Intimacy is the feeling of the lovingness and affection to one another. Intimacy helps to make bond of the affected more close. Passion is linked to the physical arousal or emotional stimulus which makes develop some feeling towards the lover. Passion will make someone exhibit the sexy or romantic feeling for someone. Commitment shows how one is dedicated to live with another in that they are willing to stick together no matter what. The level of being satisfied and comfortable with one another is what leads to commitment of members to each other.
The level of love one gets will depend on the three components of love. The strengths of these components make love strong if they have strength but if they are weak love will also be weak.
Young adult identity development influences their ability to build strong relationships in various ways. Young adult identity development will help in self-identification and self-awareness where one will have clear knowledge of who they are (Madey & Rodgers, 2009).Young adult identities will help to know important aspects which are subjective age and psychosocial maturity. If young identity development was successful in making one know who they are, later they will build strong relationships and vice versa.
Anderson, J. W. (2016). Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Family Studies.
Madey, S. F., & Rodgers, L. (2009).The effect of attachment and Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love on relationship satisfaction. Individual Differences Research, 7(2).
Describe the adolescent brain. What are three main ways it is developing?Next, describe the statistics on teenage suicide. Who is the most vulnerable and what can we do to help?
Adolescent brain is brain of those people who are a transiting from the stage of childhood to adulthood. Adolescence is a stage which is market by hormonal effects in human body although there is no specific age (Giedd, 2004).A lot of morphological and physiological changes take place in brain of adolescents.The second flow of synaptogenesis befalls in the brain through the adolescent years. The adolescent brains almost experience similar developmental changes during the transition from childhood to adulthood.
Rewiring process is believed to have undergone by all adolescents before attaining 25 years of age.The second surge of neuronal growth occurs during adolescent where solidifying of the grey matter takes place. In adolescent brain, neurocircuitrytoughens and permits for multitasking, enhanced capability to solve difficulties, and the proficiency to progress complex information.
The brain of adolescent is very different in the ways it develops. The development of brains occurs in three important areas which are behavior, problem solving and decision making. Behavior of adolescents will change a lot depending on what they need to do or which action they need to take. Their behavior will keep on changing as they grow from childhood to adulthood. Problem solving is another way of development of adolescent’s brains for they will have to start thinking critically and creatively before solving any issues they have (Casey, Jones &Hare, 2008).Decision making will change when children will be growing from childhood to adulthood for they need to make rational decisions.
Teenage suicide has been in increase for the past few years. From statistics, it’s shown that yearly thousands of teen commit suicide in the United States of America. Research shows that about 90% of those committing suicide suffer from mental diseases.
Boys are at higher risk of committing suicide compared to girls. Boys’ consist of 80% while girls consist of 20% of all suicide cases committed. There are ways which can be applied to help save boys from committing suicide. If one suspects that a teenager and for that matter boy child is depressed and can persuade him to talk till he opens up and is convinced not to commit suicide. Shortest time possible should be used to solve issues of attempted suicide to avoid more cases from occurring. Teenager boys should to be lectured but rather should be listened to what they say for this will help them from getting depressed then committing suicide
Casey, B. J., Jones, R. M., & Hare, T. A. (2008).The adolescent brain. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1124(1), 111-126.
Giedd, J. N. (2004). Structural magnetic resonance imaging of the adolescent brain. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1021(1), 77-85.
Describe the Constructive Developmental Theory ‘CDT’ (Kegan; Dragon-severson). How does this theory relate to young adult development? What are some of ways you can work on getting closer to being a self-transformational knower?
Constructive Developmental Theory is a philosophy which has five orders of consciousness. The orders of consciousness are also known as developmental stages. The impulsive mid is the first order which is characterized by those children who can show the difference between people and object in the same environment. Instrumental mind shows how teenagers view themselves as being are self-centered and people are either facilitators or obstacles when it comes to the apprehension of their own desires. Socialized mind is determined by the person character that is tied to existing in relationship with others in roles determined by his local culture. The self-authoring mind can differentiate between the feelings of others from one’s own views to articulate one’s own seat of judgment. These persons have tendency of being self-directed, autonomous thinkers (Pruyn, 2010). The self-transforming mind one is in a position to honor multiple philosophies concurrently and link them, being distrustful of any single one.
Constructive Developmental Theory relates to young adult development in that it has five stages of development that we find influential and inspiring. This theory can be applied to character development in that it is typical of adult growth based on the idea that human beings obviously progress over a generation through as various as five discrete stages.
There are some of the ways which I can use in getting closer to being a self-transformational knower (Valcea, Hamdani, Buckley & Novicevic, 2011). The ways are rule-base self, empathic self and reflective self.Rule-base self where I will be helped by members to get to know the right skills, right answers and knowledge I need to know. Empathic self is when cohort members will support my learning where I will get to know new things. I can engage in asking questions which will help in clearing any doubt and having confidence in what I know. Reflective self is where we as learners will join together and share what each of us knows and has so far learnt.
Pruyn, P. W. (2010). An overview of constructive developmental theory (CDT). Developmental Observer.
Valcea, S., Hamdani, M. R., Buckley, M. R., & Novicevic, M. M. (2011).Exploring the developmental potential of leader–follower interactions: A constructive-developmental approach. The Leadership Quarterly, 22(4), 604-615.
Describe the two main eating disorders we discussed in class. Look up the latest statistics and note what percent of women and men suffer in USA from one of these eating disorders. What countries are on the rise and why? What are three things we can do as a society to lesson the probability of someone suffering from an eating disorder?
There are two very serious eating disorders which are anorexia nervosa commonly known as anorexia and bulimia nervosa which is known as bulimia. Anorexia is the kind of disorder that is characterized by fear of being obese and one thrives to ensure they remain thin. The main features of this disorder is seen when one fears losing control of their bodies, fanatical exercise, lack of monthly periods and weight loss. Most people with this disorder view themselves as overweight’s eve if it’s not.Bulimia is categorized by bingeing and purging. Some of behaviors show by people with this disorder is taking large amounts of calorie-rich foods and eating restrictedly to avoid weight increase. This eating disorder results to chemical imbalances in the body where one can suffer from depression and clouded thinking.
In the United States of America, people still suffer from these kinds of eating disorders. Generally, 30million people suffer from eating disorders ranging from all age groups and all sexes.0.13% of women with more than 50 years suffer from eating disorders.0.9% of women suffer from anorexia while 1.5% suffer from bulimia nervosa. The number of women suffering from anorexia ranging between 1 in every 5 ladies commits suicide.
Eating disorders are in rise in certain countries to various factors. In most western countries, eating disorders have been in rise due to effects of westernization where social pressure from standards of female beauty imposed by modern business society. Exposure to western media is the leading cause since its believed slim women are more beautiful.Asia is also in the rise of having more cases of eating disorder as a result of industrialization and urbanization. Western influence has great effect on causing eating disorders to most people (Brewerton, 2007).
Some thigs when executed by the society will help to lesson the probability of someone suffering from an eating disorder. Media can be used to show that all people in various body sizes are all equal and important and no one is better in looks than the other. This will aid in making members of community to accept themselves the way they are hence issues like eating disorder will not be seen against.
Media literacy can be carried out where teenagers need to be taught that the ideal body image is not achievable and that those images they see of slim people are not real and this will help reduce cases of eating disorders (Hudson, Hiripi, Pope & Kessler, 2007). Diet commercial needs to set up showing that diet really don’t work for body goals. This will make members of community to feed on all foods that they are supposed to eat. Nutritional counselling through education about proper nutrition will help to encourage proper intake of food and reduce cases of eating disorder.
Brewerton, T. D. (2007). Eating disorders, trauma, and comorbidity: Focus on PTSD. Eating disorders, 15(4), 285-304.
Hudson, J. I., Hiripi, E., Pope, H. G., & Kessler, R. C. (2007).The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biological psychiatry, 61(3), 348-358.
What is the difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease? Describe what happens to the brain and body for people with Alzheimer. Lastly, what can we do to help prevent Alzheimer’s and/or prepare yourself for it? Give three key points
Dementia is very different from Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia is a disorder that affects brain altering the communication and performance of daily activities while Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia that precisely disturbs parts of the brain that control thinking, memory and language. Dementia is a group of symptoms rather than being a disease which are linked to decrease in thinking, reasoning and remembrance as opposed to Alzheimer which is a disease with no cure which disorients its victim. Alzheimer’s is a kind of disease which is irreversible compared to various forms of dementia like drug interaction or a vitamin deficiency which are reversible.
There are some of changes which occur in the brain and body of those people who are suffering from Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s disease affects the brain of its victim by destruction of neurons and their connections comprising parts like entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. The neurons stop working and ultimately their death results. There is no communication, breakdown, and repair by neurons. The bodies of those living with Alzheimer’s disease lose their capacity to live and function individually and later the disease causes their death (Erkinjuntti, Kurz, Gauthier, Bullock, Lilienfeld & Damaraju, 2002).
Several ways can be used to help prevent Alzheimer’s from striking people. By conducting regular exercises it will help in decreasing the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease by up to 50 percent. In people who already have cognitive problems, regular exercise will aid in reducing further worsening hence reducing chances of getting the disease. Social engagement works to fight isolation for it ensures our minds are engaged hence no mental disease is likely to strike. Taking a healthy diet is another way which can be used for preventing Alzheimer (Rovio, Kåreholt, Helkala, Viitanen, Winblad, Tuomilehto & Kivipelto, 2005). Diet with reduced sugar levels and less fats leads to less blood sugar which could have inflamed the brain hence causing Alzheimer. Mental simulation means ones brains is and will always be at work learning new things each day. This is attached to the saying that those who use brains will always have it hence the chances for getting diseases like Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are so minimal.
Erkinjuntti, T., Kurz, A., Gauthier, S., Bullock, R., Lilienfeld, S., & Damaraju, C. V. (2002). Efficacy of galantamine in probable vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease combined with cerebrovascular disease: a randomised trial. The Lancet, 359(9314), 1283-1290.
Rovio, S., Kåreholt, I., Helkala, E. L., Viitanen, M., Winblad, B., Tuomilehto, J., …& Kivipelto, M. (2005). Leisure-time physical activity at midlife and the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. The Lancet Neurology, 4(11), 705-711.
Summarise three key points on seniors dealing with loneliness. Why is it such a big issue and why is it on the rise in the USA? How does loneliness relate to depression? How do you know if someone is suffering from clinical depression vs being sad?
Loneliness is the kind of sadness that occurs due to lack of friends or company. There are some of key points shown by seniors who are dealing with loneliness. Seniors dealing with loneliness should develop certain strategies which will help them to defeat isolation like planned walks and driving. This strategy will help in loneliness eradication hence they will overcome isolation. Seniors battling with loneliness may decide to bridge the generation gap so as to foster a relationship among a senior and their youngest lineages. This will help the old who are mostly lonely to be allowed to mix with the young generation which will help fight this gap between them hence allowing them to mix freely. Seniors dealing with loneliness issue decide to apply the strategy of listening and observing what’s going on. Encouraging seniors to open their heart and speak what they have will help in ensuring their interests have been covered (Adams, Sanders & Auth, 2004).
Loneliness is becoming such a big issue which is on rise in the United States of America. There are factors which have been contributing to this loneliness. People have decided to live apart from each other where there is no longer living in the same village for generations as it used to be. This means that those who live far from their family members face different culture and surrounding which is so different from theirs making the face loneliness. Social networking is another factor that is making loneliness to increase in US for it is replacing most of face-to-face visitations hence making people isolated.
Loneliness is related to depression for depression is an illness caused by loneliness. Many untreated depressives lack friends who can understand them and his makes them lonely. There is difference between clinical depression and being sad (Whitehouse, Durkin, Jaquet & Ziatas, 2009). Clinical depression differs from being sad in that it depression is a longer-term mental ailment compared to sadness which is human feeling that all people feel at certain times during their lives due to certain situations. Sadness is short lived and it fades with time which is opposite of depression which is long term if left untreated and it may last for a long period of time.
Adams, K. B., Sanders, S., & Auth, E. (2004). Loneliness and depression in independent living retirement communities: risk and resilience factors. Aging & mental health, 8(6), 475-485.
Whitehouse, A. J., Durkin, K., Jaquet, E., & Ziatas, K. (2009).Friendship, loneliness and depression in adolescents with Asperger’s Syndrome. Journal of adolescence, 32(2), 309-322.