Normal versus abnormal

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Select 1 of the following topics and write a thoughtful discussion of the topic. Remember to support your comments with relevant information from course resources or other academic resources. Properly cite all information borrowed from other sources in the body of posts and list the sources citations at the end of the post.

1. In chapter 17, the authors mentioned Grand Theories and gave examples of these theories (e.g., Psychodynamic, Cognitive-Behavioral). Select one of these theories and provide an overview of the propositions made by the theory. Does this theory seem applicable to multicultural counseling? Why or why not? Is this theory consistent with the teachings of the Bible?

2. In chapter 18, the authors question the cultural validity of diagnosing multicultural clients. What do the authors conclude about the issue? Do you agree with the authors? Why or why not?

3. In chapter 19, the authors discuss the future of multicultural counseling theory and practice. What do they conclude? Do you agree or disagree? Why or why not?

 

You will look at the post of JACQUELINE, WHO ANSWER # 2 QUESTION,

and Heather “post Question 3 see how they respond and you are to respond to each student post.

( YOU ARE ACTUAL SPEAKING TO THE STUDENTS ABOUT WHAT THEY WROTE, your replies should also have a reference) Do you understand?

 

A reply to Jacqueline’s Post with a least 200 words or more

Question 2

Top of Form

The American Psychiatric Association published the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) as a guide line to assist counselors in the diagnosis of mentally ill clients.  Individuals have challenged the use of the DSM in diagnosing individuals that differ from the dominant culture (Hays and Erford, 2014, p. 500).  Individuals that oppose diagnosing individuals that differ from the dominant culture, question whether proper diagnosis can occur from a system that was developed and based upon European American individuals (Hays and Erford, 2014, p. 500).  Without proper educational training concerning Culture within counseling sessions, it is easy to discriminate intentional or unintentional against clients.

 

According to Hays and Erford (2014), discrimination should not be a factor in counseling sessions and counselors have the responsibility to commit themselves to gaining knowledge, personal awareness, sensitivity, and skills pertinent to working with diverse client populations (p. 499).  If the proper cultural assessment is not acquired and counselors ignore the importance of cultural differences, it can lead to unfair and unethical testing practices and diagnoses (Hays and Erford, 2014, p. 501).  Proper assessment is a prominent factor to cultural assessment—what may be normal to one culture may not be normal to another culture.

 

Normal versus abnormal are also major factors when assessing multicultural clients.  Governmental laws have been changed many times which in return generates new norms.  For example, homosexuality was previously diagnosed as mental illness—in contemporary society it is now viewed as normal (Hays and Erford, 2014, p. 503).  Norms and abnormalities can result in overdiagnosis, underdiagnosis, misdiagnosis, and sampling bias—norms within each culture determines how individuals that are associated with the individual respond to distress or  problematic behaviors, particularly when deciding the intensity or severity of the problem before intervention is perceived as necessary (Hays and Erford, 2014, p. 505).

 

As a result of the various concepts implemented by DSM, counselors should be aware that DSM is only one piece of comprehensive assessments, which assists counselors with their work with the client (Hays and Erford, 2014, p. 521).  Counselors perhaps should consider DSM as a first step to help a client while comprehending that DSM’s limited scope and allow other options outside of DSM diagnosis (Hays and Erford, 2014, p. 521).  I agree with the decision concerning comprehensive assessment.  It is imperative that multicultural counseling and assessment consist of no discriminating factors that lead to wrong diagnoses.

 

References

 

Hays, D. G., Erford, B. T. (2014). Developing multicultural counseling competence: A systems approach 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Please reply to Heather “post with at least 200 words or more

Question 3-week

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This writer read chapter nineteen in the textbook to see where the future of multicultural counseling is heading. The ressults are that there are more than one direction that multicultural counseling is heading in. One direction: “is to make sure counselors are educated in multicultural counseling” (Hays & Erford, 2014, p. 538). “Multicultural counseling practice also involves integrating several roles: working with individuals, families, and groups in traditional clinical settings and educational environments; empowering clients; linking social and community services; providing guidance and support across the life span; and consulting and collaberating with other health professionals as well as social and community members” (Hays & Erford, 2014, p. 538).

 

This writer agrees with the findings of the future of multicultural counseling that the authors suggest. This writer thinks that it is very important for the counselors to be competent in multicultural counseling, because the counselors are seen as experts in their fields. In other words, the counselors are looked up to, and better know what they are talking about. If counselors did not know what they were talking about, and they were seen as experts, they would lose trust. Not only that, but they would lose their client base. In addition to all that loss, they would have no right to practice counseling on people.

 

This writer does not want to be a counselor. This writer wants to be a life coach. As a life coach, this writer would guide the client to their goals wih the client doing all the work. In counseling, the counselor does all the work, and the client just follows. This writer has a problem with authority, and as a result, does not like to tell people what to do. This writer thinks that half the people do not listen anyway, and the other half not only listen but follows through just to spite the counselor. Put another way, a life coach is like a lit lighhouse on the rocks warning ships about the rocks, and counseling is like a rowboat where the counseling does all the rowing. I would rather be the lighthouse, than the rowboat.

 

In conclusion, I agree with the authors about the future of multicultural counseling because it just makes sense. Then, I got a little off topic. I went into the difference between counselors and life coaches and then tried to explain why I did not want to be a counselor using analogies.

 

References

Hays, D.G., & Erford, B.T. (2014). Developing multicultural counseling competence: A systematic approach. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education,

Incorporated.

Bottom of Form

Bottom of Form

 

 

This is the list that the student responded to

 

Select 1 of the following topics and write a thoughtful discussion of the topic. Remember to

support your comments with relevant information from course resources or other academic

resources. Properly cite

all information borrowed from other sources in the body of posts and list

the sources citations at the end of the post.

 

1.

 

In chapter 17, the authors mentioned Grand Theories and gave examples of these theories

(e.g., Psychodynamic, Cognitive

Behavioral). Sel

ect one of these theories and provide an

overview of the propositions made by the theory. Does this theory seem applicable to

multicultural counseling? Why or why not? Is this theory consistent with the teachings of

the Bible?

 

2.

 

In chapter 18, the authors qu

estion the cultural validity of diagnosing multicultural

clients. What do the authors conclude about the issue? Do you agree with the authors?

Why or why not?

 

3.

 

In chapter 19, the authors discuss the future of multicultural counseling theory and

practice. Wh

at do they conclude? Do you agree or disagree? Why or why not?

 

 

 

You will look at the post of JACQUELINE, WHO ANSWER # 2 QUESTION,

 

 

and Heather “post

Question 3

 

see how they respond and you are to respond to each student post.

 

( YOU ARE ACTUAL SPEAKING TO

THE STUDENTS ABOUT WHAT THEY WROTE, your replies should also

have a reference) Do you understand?

 

 

A reply to Jacqueline

’s

 

Post with a least

200

words or more

 

Question 2

 

The American Psychiatric Association published the

Diagnostic and Stati

stical Manual

of Mental Disorders

(DSM) as a guide line to assist counselors in the diagnosis of mentally ill

clients.

 

 

Individuals have challenged the use of the DSM in diagnosing individuals that differ

from the dominant culture (Hays and Erford, 2014, p

. 500).

 

 

Individuals that oppose diagnosing

individuals that differ from the dominant culture, question whether proper diagnosis can occur

from a system that was developed and based upon European American individuals (Hays and

Erford, 2014, p. 500).

 

 

Witho

ut proper educational training concerning Culture within counseling

sessions, it is easy to discriminate intentional or unintentional against clients.

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