and arteries are vital elements of the cardiovascular system. They
carry the blood supply through the body and are essential for proper
function. Sometimes veins and arteries malfunction, resulting in
cardiovascular disorders. Malfunctions of arteries and veins are similar
to malfunctions of a water hose. Consider the structure and function of
a hose. A tap releases water, which then travels through the hose and
comes out the other end. If the hose has been dormant for several
months, dirt and rusty particles might build up inside, resulting in a
restricted flow of water. Similarly, buildup of plaque inside the
coronary arteries restricts blood flow and leads to disorders such as
coronary heart disease. This disease is one of the most common
cardiovascular disorders, and according to the National Heart, Lung and
Blood Institute (2011), is the leading cause of death for men and women
in the United States. In this Discussion, you examine the
pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders such as coronary heart
this week’s media presentation on alterations of cardiovascular
functions, as well as Chapter 23 in the Huether and McCance text.
Identify the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders.
one patient factor: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior.
Consider how the factor you selected might impact the pathophysiology of
one of the following alterations of cardiovascular disorders:
peripheral arterial disease, myocardial infarction, coronary artery
disease, congestive heart failure, or dysrhythmia. Think about how
hypertension or dyslipidemia can lead to the alteration you selected.
QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN MY ASSIGNMENT:
1. A description of the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disorders.
2. How the factor you selected might impact the pathophysiology.
3. Explain how hypertension or dyslipidemia can lead to the alteration you selected for patients with the factor you identified.
4. Summary with conclusion
1. 8 pages
Kindly follow APA format for the citation and references! References
should be between the period of 2011 and 2016. Please utilize the
references at least three below as much as possible and the rest from
3. Make headings for each question.
· Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2012).Understanding pathophysiology(Laureate custom ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
o Chapter 22, “Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems”
This chapter examines the circulatory system, heart, systemic
circulation, and lymphatic system to establish a foundation for normal
cardiovascular function. It focuses on the structure and function of
various parts of the circulatory system to illustrate normal blood
o Chapter 23, “Alterations of Cardiovascular Function”
This chapter presents the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations,
evaluation, and treatment of various cardiovascular disorders. It
focuses on diseases of the veins and arteries, disorders of the heart
wall, heart disease, and shock.
o Chapter 24, “Alterations of Cardiovascular Function in Children”
This chapter examines cardiovascular disorders that affect children. It
distinguishes congenital heart disease from acquired cardiovascular
· McPhee, S. J., & Hammer, G. D. (2010).Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine(Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Medical.
o Chapter 11, “Cardiovascular Disorders: Vascular Disease”
This chapter begins with an overview of the vascular component of the
cardiovascular system and how the cardiovascular system is normally
regulated. It then describes three common vascular disorders:
atherosclerosis, hypertension, and shock.
· Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012a).Alterations of cardiovascular functions PPT lecture. Baltimore, MD: Author.
This media presentation outlines common alterations of cardiovascular function, including disorders of the veins and arteries.