PARENTING STYLES AND MENTAL HEALTH 4

Running head: PARENTING STYLES AND MENTAL HEALTH 1

PARENTING STYLES AND MENTAL HEALTH 4

 

Summary

The article drives attention to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition in the introductory part. It states the relationship between children with ADHD and their families and how they affect one another. In the previous research, the researchers showed the beneficial impact of the children’s behavior management’s positive parental practices. It showed how a parent could offer acceptable parenting practices to their children’s well-growth behavior. For the current study, the focus has been shifted towards the behavior of children living with ADHD (Freitas et al., 2019). Remarkably, the article stipulates that the previous studies’ parenting style may help children with ADHD develop self-regulation skills with appropriate behavior expression in the problem-solving process. It will also help such children reduce defiant and aggressive behaviors, which tend to characterize the behavior of children with ADHD. The central hypothesis driving this article is that children with ADHD should have a good relationship with their families for frequently contacting other family members to minimize the burden of parents to explain what is fair in regards to values.

The researchers collected samples regarding clinical and behavioral assessment protocol for both adolescents and children who showed signs or symptoms of ADHD based on the methods used. Also, the collection of such samples was ethically approved by the ethics committee related to human research. Among the selected parents, only 26 parents agreed to sign the Parenting Style Inventory. The researchers used one neurologist who had initially delivered an assessment protocol in 2014 to evaluate all involved children (Freitas et al., 2019). The neurologist conducted the participants’ exclusion with other conditions, including Autism Spectrum Disorder and genetic syndromes, through an evaluation based on clinical medication.

The results showed that negative parent practices showed a more significant correlation with social support indicators and life quality. Based on the article’s conclusion, the inconsistent punishment parental practices showed the highest correlation number with such indicators. It was highly associated with more rates of aggression, lower adaptation means, and externalizing issues.

Analysis

In the article’s analysis, a child’s perception to a parent’s behavior is a vital element in children’s behavioral adjustment. In specific, raising children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be a challenge to many parents. In essence, children with ADHD tend to suffer from inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, and these symptoms appear at the age of 6 years in many children (Freitas et al., 2019). Acceptable parenting practices should be considered when interacting with such children. Besides, children with ADHD also can affect their families in their daily life activities.

As a parent, it is essential to consider learning behavior management skills to use positive recognition and point systems in encouraging good behavior. This technique might help improve targeted actions such as finishing homework and cleaning a room. However, the approach may fail to improve the child’s inattention and hyperactivity (Freitas et al., 2019). Parents of children with ADHD should practice good behavior by using inconsistent punishment as this will lead to the improvement of such children’s behaviors. Family life status also matters when it comes to parenting practices of Children with ADHD. Families with low social life tend to practice a negative parenting approach due to low quality of life. Members of this family may neglect such children or mistreat them, thereby leading to poor consequences regarding their behavior and well-being.

References

de Freitas Marino, R. L., Teixeira, M. C. T. V., Cantiere, C. N., de Fátima Ribeiro, A., Micieli, A. P. R., & Carreiro, L. R. R. (2019). Parenting styles and mental health in parents of children with ADHD. Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology53(3), 417-430

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