James A. Dada
Grand Canyon University
RES-825 Theories of Inquiry
September 6, 2017
Phenomenological Methods & Scientific Research Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: Please correct your APA formatting (e.g., Running head, etc. )
Part II: Modified 10 Strategic Points Template
|Article Citation||Vangilder, C. H. (2016). A Grounded Theory Investigation of Thinking and Reasoning with Multiple Representational Systems for Epistemological Change in Introductory Physics. (Doctoral Dissertation). Available from Dissertation & Theses @ Grand Canyon University. Retrieved from Dissertations & Theses @ Grand Canyon University. (Order No. 10027568) Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: See the answer key for the APA reference formatting.|
|Broad Topic Area||How students used multiple representational systems (MRS) in their own thinking and reasoning on personal epistemological change.||23|
|Lit Review||The author analyzes previous empirical studies on multiple representational systems (MRS) in thinking and reasoning as well as personal epistemological change. This is helpful in coming up with research questions and delimit the research scope to address the problem statement. Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: See my feedback on other papers and the answer key. You need much more here—with citations.||23-44|
|Problem Statement||It was not known how thinking and reasoning with MRS occurs, and how that sort of thinking and reasoning affects epistemological change in terms of mechanisms and processes whether cognitive, behavioral, or social in an IP classroom. It is also not clear what anyone means by the terms thinking and reasoning within any context. Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: It was not known how (a) thinking and reasoning with MRS occurs, and (b) how that sort of thinking and reasoning affects epistemological change in terms of mechanisms and processes—whether cognitive, behavioral, or social—in an IP classroom This should be written exactly how it appears in the dissertation.
|Research Questions||The goal of this qualitative grounded theory study was to determine the influence that multiple representational systems (MRS) have on the thinking and reasoning of 20-30 community college IP students at Central Arizona College with respect to their conceptual frameworks and personal epistemology. Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: See my feedback on other papers and the answer key. There are 2 RQs.||10|
|Sample||The study research used a sample of 34 students who enrolled in 2 IP courses at Central Arizona College; with 1 Hispanic that served the college (HSACU, 2014) which is located in Coolidge, Arizona in the fall semester of 2014. It also comprised of 17 students whose ages ranged from 17- 45. 29 students, involved in PEP survey.||83-84|
|Describe Phenomena (qualitative) or Define Variables/ Hypotheses (quantitative)||MRS, and the thinking and reasoning affects epistemological changes are the key variables in the Research Study. The primary instrument that was used for measuring epistemological change (the PEP), including other miscellaneous assessments (FCI, MBT) provided quantitative results mainly for the objective of bringing descriptive data on elements of the Proposal that were material to the overall study goals; however, not straight to the part of the research questions. It also performed two specific types of analysis on the qualitative data were performed which were cluster analysis and node matrices, in addition to constant comparative analysis through memo bracketing. Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: See the answer key.||116|
|Methodology & Design||A grounded theory design is qualitative research seeking to assess. The qualitative designed used in the research is the Grounded theory which enables the author to theorize interactions in the variables based on the participants’ views. The research used qualitative method approach alongside inductive analysis. This approach is participant friendly thus yields much in terms of research expectations. Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: See my previous feedback and the answer key. This should be a one-sentence statement of method.||76-84|
|Purpose Statement||The purpose of this qualitative grounded theory study was to determine how representational systems deployed in an IP classroom correspond to epistemological change in accordance with the ways that students therein think and reason, within a study sample at Central Arizona College—located in Coolidge, Arizona. The purpose statement delimits the specific area of the research and incorporates the rationale for the study.||9|
|Data Collection Approach||The research employs the use of interview, electronic poll as well as diary entries. This was important in capturing raw data from the students for purposes of scientific study. Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: See my previous feedback and the answer key. You need much more here—exactly how data was collected.||35|
|Data Analysis Approach||The research study employs the use of two coding schemes; a priori theoretical and indigenous in vivo coding schemes.
Coding for the identification of key words and word groupings in the data (Saldaña, 2013). Comment by Dr. Julie Nelson: See my previous feedback and the answer key. You need much more here—exactly how qualitative data was analyzed.
Data analysis follows with in vivo codes when important words and word groupings warrant their own code label.
NVivo codes were analyzed for relationships and subsequently displayed in multiple graph formats ranging from bar charts to cluster analysis maps that reveal the relationships that exist between nodes (codes) and/or families of nodes (Bazeley & Jackson, 2013).
Two coding schemes, namely: a priori theoretical and indigenous in vivo were employed in this study.
Lakatos, I. (1980). The methodology of scientific research programmes: Volume 1: Philosophical papers. New York: Cambridge university press.
Oxley, L. ((2016). An Examination of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Educational & Child Psychology, 33(3), 55-62.