Professional Ethics and the Law

PSY511 – Professional Ethics and the Law


Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

1. When there is a discussion of “theory” as related to judgments of right and wrong the d iscus- sion is probably one of:

a. philosophical morality

b. professional eth ics

c. philosophical ethics

d. common morality

e. both band d

2. Which of the following is NOT listed in your text as part of the professional structure which governs eth ics for cou nselors?

a. the courts

b. colleges and universities

c. professional organizations that maintain and enforce a mandatory code of ethics

d. professional regulatory bodies that are enforcers of mandatory codes

e. none of the above

3. The BEST place to find up-to-date information of currently accepted ethical practice in the field is:

a. counseling journals

b. the Internet

c. state license boards

d. graduate level textbooks

e. all of the above

4. can be defined as: the extent and limits of activities considered acceptable by

individuals licensed or certified in a profession or specialty.

a. Scope of practice

b. Malpractice

c. Accred itation

d. none of the above

5. Which of the following is the accrediting body for professional counseling?















PSY511 – Professional Ethics and the Law


6. The oldest established mental health profession is:

a. psych iatry

b. social work

c. marriage and family therapy

d. psychiatric nursing

e. psychotherapy

7. Which of the following degrees does NOT indicate legitimate doctoral level training to be a I icensed Psychologist?

a. Ph.D.

b. Ed.D.

c. M.D.

d. Psy.D

8. Which professional organization represents marriage and family therapists?











none of the above

9. Which professional(s) can NOT legitimately, by nature of standard training and practice, per- form psychometric assessment?

a. marriage and family therapist

b. counselor

c. psychologist

d. social worker

e. none of the above

10. The ASPP and ASPS credential applies to which field of mental health specialty?

a. Marriage and family therapy

b. Social work

c. Psychiatry

d. Psychiatric nursing

e. none of the above



PSY511 – Professional Ethics and the Law


1l. Informed consent generally requires that the counselor should reveal to the client information about:

a. the counselor’s credentials or training.

b. alternative treatments.

c. the potential benefits or detriments of treatment.

d. all of the above

12. A counselor’s primary responsibility is to the:

a. third party referral source.

b. judge who subpoenas a case file.

c. family of a competent adult client seen in individual counseling.

d. professional setting (employer) where the counselor works.

e. none of the above

13. Which of the following IS FALSE?

a. The primary responsibility of the counselor is to the referral source.

b. Nonprofessional counselor-client relationships should be avoided when possible.

c. Services must be fully described and explained to clients before they consent to treat- ment.

d. Sexual intimacy with clients is unethical.

14. Professional competence by definition involves:

a. the quality of provided services

b. informed consent

c. confidential ity

d. boundaries of professional activity

e. both a and d

15. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

a. Counselors can ethically practice any specialty in counseling, even without appropriate specialty training, if it is within the scope of practice of their license.

b. Cottone and Tarvydas believe the terms “dual” and “multiple” relationships should be abandoned.

c. Avoid i ng detrimental relationshi ps with cl ients relates to the eth ical pri nci pie of justice more than non maleficence.

d. People who refuse recommended counseling services must be coerced.



PSY511 – Professional Ethics and the Law


16. When a judge orders an ex offender to undergo therapy as part of the ex offender’s rehabilita- tion, this is called:

a. expert order of protection

b. legal privilege

c. professional responsibility

d. compulsory therapy

17. The Supreme Court decision in Jaffee v. Redmond provided what type of assistance to psycho- therapists in federal court cases?

a. eliminated their responsibility to testify as expert witnesses

b. upheld their ability to maintain confidential information through assertion of legal privi- lege

c. eliminated their ability to assert privilege in communication with clients

d. instructed counselors that privilege only exists between attorneys and their clients, not between counselors and their clients

18. Which of the following is an example of special circumstances that counselors may be faced with in relation to confidentiality and privilege?

a. counseling persons with HIV/AIDS

b. family/couples counseling

c. clients in drug/alcohol treatment

d. all of the above

19. An exception to confidential ity for psychologists and cou nselors servi ng in the mil itary exists and focuses on which area most clearly?

a. responsi bi lity to report generally negative attitudes of officers and en I isted personnel

b. report threats to military installations, weapons and integrity even when threats to specific persons have not been made

c. to report all counseling activities regardless of the content to their superiors on a regular basis

d. none of the above

20. According to Welch (2003), one of the most common types of malpractice liability in treat- ment services for mental health professionals is:

a. fraudulent billing

b. fam i Iy treatment and forensic situations

c. dual relationships d. group counseling



PSY511 – Professional Eth ics and the Law


21. According to Arthur and Swanson (1993), clinical records should be written to include which of the following?

a. clear objective statements with behavioral descriptions

b. professional terminology not easily interpreted by legal counsel

c. jargon that does not clearly specify behavioral outcomes

d. little objective information; subjective thoughts of the counselor are of most importance

22. When assessing a client’s potential for harm, Beauchamp and Childress recommend the coun- selor assess primarily which elements?

a. probability of harm

b. magnitude of harm

c. physical vs. psychological nature of harm

d. both a and b are correct

23. Counselor values tend to determine the of counseling.

a. content

b. process

c. level of professionalism

d. lack of progress

24. Client values determine the of counseling.

a. process

b. level of progress

c. content

d. all of the above

25. Objectively applying a system of ethical rules and principles that a counselor may use to deter-

mine a right or moral decision about an ethical dilemma would be considered _

a. eth ics of cari ng

b. virtue ethics

c. principle ethics

d. none of the above


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