Psychology of Adjustment

Unit 4 Examination


GED 215 Psychology of Adjustment

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

According to research, which group suffers from stress? 1.

high-income employeesa. womenb. well-educated individualsc. All of the above. d.

Stress that has a beneficial effect on us is called: 2.

hyperstressa. hypostressb. distressc. eustress d.

Monotonous jobs typically inspire: 3.

eustressa. hyperstressb. hypostressc. distress d.

The life-events approach to conceptualizing stress: 4.

considers the total impact of various life changes, such as beginning college or getting a. married takes into account how individuals perceive a given changeb. includes the stress that comes from chronic conditions, such as a boring jobc. includes the stress caused by everyday incidents, such as losing your keys d.

Which events do college students find particularly stressful, according to research? 5.

the transition from high school to collegea. full-time work while attending collegeb. more autonomy over lifestylesc. All of the above. d.

Some students feel distressed only in test situations. They might be said to suffer from: 6.

acute stressa. hyperstressb. eustressc. hypostress d.



Unit 4 Examination


GED 215 Psychology of Adjustment

Which term does NOT describe the Type A personality? 7.

competitive and sometimes hostilea. holds rigorous standardsb. distressed and time urgentc. forgiving and relaxed d.

Which is NOT used when defining psychological disorders? 8.

personal distressa. maladaptive behaviorb. increased freedom or personal controlc. increased risk of suffering disability, pain, or death d.

According to the text, stigmas about mental disorders: 9.

are really a legal matter for lawyers and politiciansa. are related primarily to disrespectb. seem to concern psychologists but not psychiatristsc. can be defined as the number of new cases per year d.

Women are ________ more likely than men to develop depression in their lifetime. 10.

70%a. 75%b. 85%c. 95% d.

Sets of symptoms more common in some societies are called: 11.

culture-bound syndromesa. culture-clash syndromesb. secular syndromesc. societal syndromes d.

Women are more likely to suffer from ________, while men are more likely to suffer from 12. ________.

alcohol abuse; depressiona. anxiety; phobiab. depression; drug abusec. phobias; depression d.



Unit 4 Examination


GED 215 Psychology of Adjustment

Throughout the DSM-IV, the emphasis is on: 13.

distinguishing between neuroses and psychosesa. identifying the causes of the various disordersb. classifying the behavior patterns and not peoplec. labeling people as either normal or abnormal d.

Which statement regarding psychotherapy is true? 14.

Men are more likely than women to seek professional treatment.a. It is less likely to be used by those with mild disturbances.b. About one in five adults with serious psychological problems will seek help from a mental c. health professional. Women are more likely to mask their problems with alcohol and drugs. d.

Which is NOT one of the common goals of the different forms of therapy? 15.

relief from symptomsa. better understanding of thoughts and feelingsb. modifying problem behaviorsc. All of these are goals of therapy. d.

Which of the following is considered an insight therapy? 16.

psychoanalysisa. behavioral therapyb. desensitizationc. biomedical therapies d.

In the psychoanalytic approach, the unconscious tendency of clients to project onto the 17. therapist their feelings and fantasies about significant others in their childhood is called:

resistancea. free-associationb. desensitizationc. transference d.

__________ is the most likely to utilize the technique of free association. 18.

person-centered therapya. behavioral therapyb. psychoanalysisc. all use free associationd.



Unit 4 Examination


GED 215 Psychology of Adjustment

Traditionally, psychoanalysis involved ________ sessions _______ times a week, often lasting 19. several years.

half-hour, one to twoa. half-hour, three to fiveb. one-hour, one to twoc. one-hour, three to five d.

According to the text, what percentage of people frequently think about their own death? 20.

25a. 30b. 35c. 40 d.

Kidney disease accounts for _________ number of deaths each year. 21.

562,875a. 127,924b. 46,448c. 22,000 d.

What is the leading cause of death in the U.S.? 22.

heart diseasea. kidney diseaseb. violencec. accidents d.

People in which age group tend to be most fearful of death? 23.

teenagersa. late 20sb. early 50sc. elderly d.

Mary is less fearful of death than many older people her age. According to the text, a major 24. reason for Mary’s diminished fear of death probably is her:

having cared for a terminally ill frienda. genuine belief in the afterlifeb. feeling that “it can’t happen to me”c. having a college educationd.



Unit 4 Examination


GED 215 Psychology of Adjustment

Which of the following is NOT typical of near-death experiences? 25.

individuals experience a detachment from their bodiesa. there is a reunion with long-lost friends and loved onesb. there is a brilliant lightc. there is a life review with a sense of judgment upon itd.



Unit 4 Examination


GED 215 Psychology of Adjustment

Writing Assignment for Unit Four

• Responses must be typed double-spaced, using a standard font (i.e. Times New Roman) and 12 point type size.

Word count is NOT one of the criteria that is used in assigning points to writing assignments. However, students who are successful in earning the maximum number of points tend to submit writing assignments that fall in the following ranges:

Undergraduate courses: 350 – 500 words or 1 – 2 pages. Graduate courses: 500 – 750 words or 2 – 3 pages. Doctoral courses: 750 – 1000 words or 4 – 5 pages.


All work must be free of any form of plagiarism. Put written answers into your own words. Do not simply cut and paste your answers from the Internet and do not copy your answers from the textbook. Be sure to refer to the course syllabus for more details on plagiarism and proper citation styles.

Please answer ONE of the following:

• Include your name, student number, course number, course title and unit number with your writing assignment.

• Begin each writing assignment by identifying the question number you are answering followed by the actual question itself (in bold type).

• Use a standard essay format for responses to all questions (i.e., an introduction, middle paragraphs and conclusion).

What are defense mechanisms? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using them to 1. cope with stress? Provide examples of three of them.

Differentiate the psychoanalytic approach from the behavioral approach to therapy on any four 2. dimensions (e.g., technique, effectiveness, etc.).

What are the five stages of dying as detailed by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross? Describe each one.3.

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