ratio analysis 2976097 2

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Solve the problem below, calculate the ratios, interpret the results against the industry average, and fill in the table on the worksheet. Then, provide an analysis of how those results can be used by the business to improve its performance. 

Income Statement Year 2010

 

 

Net sales

$795

Cost of goods sold 

660

Gross profit  

135

Selling expenses  

73.5

Depreciation

12

EBIT

49.5

Interest expense  

4.5

EBT

45

Taxes (40%)  

18

Net income

27

 

1. Calculate the following ratios AND interpret the result against the industry average:

Ratio

Your Answer

Industry Average

Your Interpretation
(Good-Fair-Low-Poor)

Profit margin on sales

 

3%

 

Return on assets

 

9%

 

Receivable turnover

 

16X

 

Inventory turnover

 

10X

 

Fixed asset turnover

 

2X

 

Total asset turnover

 

3X

 

Current ratio

 

2X

 

Quick ratio

 

1.5X

 

Times interest earned

 

7X

 

 

2. Analysis:

Give your interpretation of what the ratios calculations show and how the business can use this information to improve its performance. Justify all answers.

 

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