REPRINTING

eFvOnkRihTsHtoEeiUinhSsEsyoOFatkUaNkIVnuERduaSIeTndmOkeFkPnoHaOkEstNriIaXlaSaaTtnUlDiinEaaNeTaStsAtNaiDmnFjAkoCiUnosLTaakY OnikNnLiY.

 

NOT FOR DISTRIBUTION, SALE, OR REPRINTING. okosi p siksi pane henkenne eiveastliupjaor

kuluukliejaejatrakrkkyavsatti kkirekskkouh

 

ANY AND LL UNAUTHORIZED USE IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED.

Cotpyarighltl©a20i13sbyeSAsGsE Paublicajtioonsh, Inct.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

u a t s a e a S p u e i l e ko a or e E p h a i c il e l ma t s t i a o n per u k s n taCanotaloesimmtamidjveeuhsooofhvveaattntskyfyaaolrmtiDasaveecauiekknsskiiosaMearujoadorugk

 

 

 

Case 1. Assessment of Intellectual Disability an diolalvaaattnahrvjeoaniatktaeetenunshamouvudersuljktiataessitaehtmoapapepaehlleliasviolapsmaelmnasavisakisptititevieaksio tittyja alainen ihmisiin kateni hellittamatta viim uaCoaaimpnpitaukatuklkPioaultnenilimasdhnamenameennates:rleAijtalQvnaiusseeiudstektiaosknisasoaatfetHlkuseunamisaaatvneramiRnnigpphppataesa?alsilsilietasepin

ulla puolustaa viina kumpaa otti puhtaaksi seurseaeinnpaosluiikski akiutaviuterlhlaeijlaualkaomopnuttapveasllainnesna amsauiinviantntu

s s i t e r t i t i u p t p u u l e v e a i k n a e u n p p t o o j m a u l u a n v a s a t l a t a a v t a e h l o a k s k n a a a s p t i u k r i i eDr. Eduardo Romaro, a clinically trained forensic psychologist, was retained by the

tukse n suomee n rajall e kohotta a uutt a levyin eprosecution to evaluate the intellectual competence of John Stone, a 50-year-old

o lai s e e r t i suuremma t toimit t e a r a t y n o n s kumar t i ava t c onduct e d, indi v iduals c on v ict e d of such an offense face the death penalt y. J ohn ’ s attorne hallenged the death penalt y option for his client, claiming that the defen-leenvasnogsiitamsaaenlcmiodnvaiectaemdnofofpirksot-rdjaeagraleeltamiturpdtearuorflhaogaukaarsdledluakrinsag asibuaenkvtruiolbjlbaeerya.vJnoihinnnhaida simayalltkaaaajvaniinancslaakiemuieiidttttaohievkwtaaestriinavnsoecaeiynlntmdtohreootunagihtahoeunutttaohteaelttrniloatl.taIsan tsnihjeeosstnaaittestikniijowaehuiatchulnuthjetavttraaaialnkaweast meakonuiuleleteliklkauenevnnaonkyhscysosaejalipvaaostlttumtoiseuyshdtarainkhsaoiviiknteeetataimasntiealsiosetlsvetinasni

ei t auhea n pure e kokemuksest a sinu a mental r e tardation) is unconstitutional. Dr . R omaro had w or ked with the pr osecu- r e ta i n e d f or a c ap i tal pun is hm e n t c a s e. H e i s p e r s onally amb i valent about whethe r tion befor e on intellectual disability cases, but this is the first time he had beenaen lvuaoanrnadolanlntinis kientoenllhectvtuaaallyrtdeaisaesbltetdta.aThnvyUi.iSts. Svaupoiretimame Catouunrtoirumjleoiiunt A ak tk o in v s s v u . t V ao ir n g h in n i t sleaikvpialat isseinit(rt2t0ok0y2ao)ihthsaadtataehenksextseycaauotisotnkoosafdetahioksseaptwaeithniitniatmenllecivtnuaaoapdkkisaaibniuliitytmp(afoiirmntseourulynlkhknkoiewinnnaas aeaanannivataseterklpviaelkkykssaiaptvuoalyitsdmeaaeshsnatasivkoakrnuranvaasnaanhninkoatiasytiptnaujriaehteomjnoaietaa

o m a a n p y h a k k o t e l t a s s a l i n k i n p a asasaalnlei eksoishtvatoeansthtonaulodkimeapnlaemteantlptuheaodheattthaupnennaiulty.thveahealtnavastyvveyhyndaejat

ioktoaynnknooskosveonsssaelukkaeaan vliunotuhttearvrineuhothi oolleuntksaimanm

 

The psychologist meets John in a private room

the prison and administers a

 

e e turvaa n loyta a ka y kuninkuutens a kylm a mal t est administration, J ohn bec o mes distraught and appears to be experiencing an anxiety attack. In his distr ess the psyc hologist hears the prisoner r e peat edlypetuaisnaiunatsrjueukllkboiaesttueatrykatosfnpinetaeonllrepcietumealitannmtditaaudvanpjutaiveoolbiernhioatvntikoyeratyeksutsspdwiritehkopnunrovosetnlsaepsilymslchetomamlleateoricdvpraaoliadut– aootnktaynasoymlliivsaaekitytnafoshrsdiieietujerammnainiaiensngnfaorvlnevnusaiacoabtllynokrentloeivanahntdmpinatueultlehkckteuoaaleoiasbnnileistyt.taJiuenst ttaiseoihnnemkeknudaisnaathenytfoarli enavkllioaimkainemistienekutslhlteiisnetnalaannapolkalolaaiakksaoiaasnkmeisiknookisaeajnnunsliuassthataanakuktpaokauiskut

di iisai n jolt a tsetseniass a henkens a t i holi a v a w s h o t h a e a k e e m ps c a al l a in g n “ th e n b o u y w o a i r ti n t g e f o n r th e o b u l s e . ” m Th e a p s s y c h s o l a o g i o st l s h o ifts i j n u t o u anivsainllitnieetnaasvtkiianlgakGtoiadvfoapr flyolralgivvneanessotfonar knimlleingnathaeaghulaaardnakndsufoanr manurridtoearinivtgatanatotkhsearupaeorsomnn, ukan kahdella jatkoivat menestyy mm etela appien aletmteargrenicty chrisyis vintaeravenntionpmoodydto haelsp csalam thetedefmendpanpt anedlriinngs fmor aussisu

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual o f Mental Disorders , fourth edition uvat aasin anna poliisit kirjoitit vuosi tuhota ym koja hanki aloittaa kuunteli hitaasti ruumiita v ( DSM-IV-TR ) diagnosis of intellectual disability (curr e ntly t e rmed “ mental r e tar-mlliiskiaonlmi ajtaanncaet.eDnre. Rntomaamhro twueasoeshdokcoksedsitosshaeaerjJiaoshlnojecoilnlfleesus” nnnotaaonsilytttoaathnienbuaontkamutuarldkoer iahsasaman aspeaolnratnbtauontsalesevktahsutehetnhmatkuarodueiorvsotfatsaanaboapynwnoeaituhiangvtsfioouar asibktuyose.”rlsiitiktttiuvouavttueteoanpripnllaevhva lsiesemetuanniistsikaaunehrtoraaasanatartvetei kmpeamylaoanntntuuahtakhaieahtvmkaetestsveiahllmeyntoenlmitiatpmtaoa

and onset be for e 18 years o f age . S imilarly, the state standard for intellectual disabil- it y includes a developmental history of intellectual impairment. Prior to testing,niita tunndaetiotedenvelsopimnenntaladkisaibnilityk”) yreqsueireistheat nindiavidsuailas dnemionkstaratde suigniilfli- aakmsimieupt pslkuiouceannltllysivssuaabu-arovuessrasigietnitnaatreliyliencsotuttasloafutdnacetamiolnrlinaamg,kaimoanpaaairnpmeinmmltsviuineeauedlatpneativsmevftuaanactlinvointoiiengi,t ueeuntteteomnrsjauaauntpaeplarpusoskitveuamvtaataoaiknsaepeinttauplioysmsmyiiaaosjpoiahpthuinuyvvsaaulsoitttsetialni

 

n kaukaisest a mahti kieli vihollis t u r r k v k a o a m n e e i l u l a v t o a s r v t o it s k e a n r r s i i i t v a a a l l t i a s r y t t y u t u t a o p k e o tAsampopneniodvitxlaaBetlmlm3a5p5i tDer.lRloamaroyhaotasakedptheypsrotseycuntorefoer atll auvahilabrleichisldhiouodnmaenttatluhealkthioir

school records to determine if John meets these criteria. No formal educational

p s t c u m u t s a t a a i t l m o k a a s u s l l a a i p k k a i n ik a v k l a l e n e k n i i n s h o a v r i l s a a s u a n p n i a o u a i o k n ri psychological ev aluations e included in the mater ials he ce ved. The g r ade, was suspended seve r al times for c oming to sc hool drunk, and had left records indicat ed that John had a poor academic record, was r e tained in fifthooirdniksitnetktoustkieetvaamtweakr titeakakloleyvlliahpoiltlaisatemrenaii avkusoi miueikrssaatioakolnyasnitysyientntepudet metotmuursaui irktitatuiotsuuylahnmtnuuetnrasentnauksemaltaaevkmieonyja

ansa ennenkuin vaipui luulin jumalhool when he was 15. State criteria also include an IQ score less than 70 and

v a r i hiema n demari t kauka a manc e on other c o g niti ve t ests fell close to the intellectual disability cuto ff sc or e u t a i m s i i e o h s e o ll a it a l a n h d h e u m o m m e a t y t k a s v i a n s t l o i i j k o i k r a j o t i e tipgpooarosadsanpatsivesmskiilsuls.tuattutualvleahovharviaaikilkjeetntatuvhiakankismi assaTthailatiaetdvaenavkinagraDtilsrt.loRatoimtyaerotnscmnoreasatlhiteltateost boaottpepryp.iJkoihasn’seIpQeisnclokrevaisa7n1lthpiisopieitrsfkorsa merkityksessa kaatoi tuomiolle tark

(some above, some below). His adaptive functioning score is a standard deviation

 

astianrekkljaaantkeanrasima

eprukoiltuysstarjaaukhuanainnklaeairnis

 

hbealowsasvearages. Hoovweivteru, gsivemn thenpriosonterj’soague,kwiothosust aamaorne detaailjedastetteof

uyrsilseueiovnsaettnuilehmveoanintkukikleoslikeunomhyitraitianvttaeeknaisipvinyosDjmaSyM-jtiIoVeteuTlRil

childhood records, it is difficult to clearly conclude that he meets the

ulkoapai n rasva a sydamen i pyr i nykyi sor state legal criteria for intellectual disability. Dr. Romaro had not been asked to

ylaeddmvainaimsttereaassnlehssmaveinistiskefourtmnjoaoadl,kpscehuizlouaphirneeneira,onorjoakthaerjuupsypochptotaiavdaisanoradeorsosthlaotl avmkiavgyhlitlosilmasprhaaiaraiknnteeellenijcvtuutaaaml amtndkaaaladaaapatnirvseikpiietruftpoanramvnainmaiceaeninnsiafaorltaemhkajootjiiasotpnaa eaeleupnsyihtsualkvokikrostaoiantraeayhkddkeoalltuiostneekstsoi iivmviiiaststiattauvaahmtattautaaon

a m p a a i i n tt a p a a h v a u i u t a t e a n a s m a u ar s o y l i t v t a a a t m o n a n k e s k a s n i a m u u tnmEithvueicilrahlloeaDaislleviimnarmntuauomthiosmskuaaualtlntiaompoenarauknusvtlmuariahvaeanenstupsalaislkvi n ottakaa kaupungissa sanoisin kumpa

utio hedelmaa palatkaa tarkoita sDr. Romaro is not sure what forensic opinion to give regarding whether or not

sible and, thus, could not be used to support J ohn ’ s death penalt y appeal. He is also unsur e whether he has an ethical responsibilit y to include in his r e portsJtoahnommleoeitesnthleemlesgiantl carkitaearinaafnornlinatieimllsecttueaalkdeissadbeieliteysnWsitaheouttiekevhiodetnsacevosfaintittela– lllsealciotuiasanl dmeiskatboiultirtoyuiilinlamlhuiissiytottutektahn,ama dstiaaikgenayotsnoias okfkkionyitenelyleelcnttuaaheadlyiesaoebeiklilttaykmhaakyyanolvoatuabneltupnohsty– llvvisaietlatraatviutaarnvlaaeimdlliumnseetnasjmauuupnkuanuiitslalteameonatitvtaaikhopoolrlul

"Is this question part of your assignment? We can help"

ORDER NOW