Design a research-based Aggression Intervention Training Plan to minimize aggression for the setting in which you are currently working, or a setting from your previous professional experience.
Social psychology is a scientific, research-based discipline. However, research in the field can be applied to understanding human behavior in a wide variety of settings and fields such as law, in addition to a wide range of applications for business and health settings.
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:
· Competency 2: Evaluate the role of the social context (relationships, groups, and culture) in influencing the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals.
. Evaluate how aggressive behavior may be influenced by the relationships, groups, and culture in a setting.
· Competency 3: Synthesize social psychological theory and research to generate new understandings of social phenomena in contemporary society.
. Apply social psychological theory, research, and methods to design interventions to minimize aggression in a specific setting.
. Apply principles of social psychology and methods to design interventions that promote self-esteem and self-efficacy for clients and staff.
. Recommend future training to complement and enhance the Aggression Intervention Training.
· Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the psychological professions.
. Support positions with references from scholarly and professional literature.
. Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and APA format and style.
Understanding Interactions in Complex Social Systems
There has been a lot of psychological research on the cause of aggressive behavior and much discussion on how to reduce aggressive behavior. The social learning theory of aggression (Bandura, 1973) can be extended to understand the link between exposure to media with violent content and aggressive behavior. Thousands of studies have established a clear link between watching aggressive models and engaging in aggressive behavior (Anderson, Carnagey, ; Eubanks, 2003). Most of these studies were focused on children and violent television content. However, recent research has looked at the effects of video games and violent content in music as it relates to aggressive behavior.
Anderson, C. A., Carnagey, N. L., ; Eubanks, J. (2003). Exposure to violent media: The effects of songs with violent lyrics on aggressive thoughts and feelings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 960–971.
Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A social learning analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of the business community.
· How does social learning theory explain aggression?
· What is the evolutionary argument about aggression?
· How are gender, race, and culture related to self-esteem?
Because this is a psychology course, you need to format this assessment according to APA guidelines. Additional resources about APA can be found in the Research Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom. Use the resources to guide your work as needed.
· American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).
. This resource is available from the Capella University Bookstore.
The resources provided here are optional and support the assessment. They provide helpful information about the topics. You may use other resources of your choice to prepare for this assessment; however, you will need to ensure that they are appropriate, credible, and valid. The PSY-FP7520 – Social Psychology Library Guide can help direct your research. The Supplemental Resources and Research Resources, both linked from the left navigation menu in your courseroom, provide additional resources to help support you.
Social Psychological Theory on Aggressive Behavior
These resources focus on social psychological theory on aggressive behaviors.
· Bedi, A., Courcy, F., Paquet, M., ; Harvey, S. (2013). Interpersonal aggression and burnout: The mediating role of psychological climate. Stress and Health, 29(5), 350–359.
· Koolen, S., Poorthuis, A., ; van Aken, M. A. G. (2012). Cognitive distortions and self-regulatory personality traits associated with proactive and reactive aggression in early adolescence. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 36(6), 776–787.
· Eriksson, K., Andersson, P. A., ; Strimling, P. (2017). When is it appropriate to reprimand a norm violation? The roles of anger, behavioral consequences, violation severity, and social distance. Judgment ; Decision Making, 12(4), 396–407.
· Howell, A. N., Buckner, J. D., ; Weeks, J. W. (2015). Culture of honour theory and social anxiety: Cross-regional and sex differences in relationships among honour-concerns, social anxiety and reactive aggression. Cognition ; Emotion, 29(3), 568–577.
· Rudolph, K. D., Abaied, J. L., Flynn, M., Sugimura, N., ; Agoston, A. M. (2011). Developing relationships, being cool, and not looking like a loser: Social goal orientation predicts children’s responses to peer aggression. Child Development, 82(5), 1518–1530.
· Yaros, A., Lochman, J. E., Rosenbaum, J., ; Jimenez‐Camargo, L. A. (2014). Real‐time hostile attribution measurement and aggression in children. Aggressive Behavior, 40(5), 409–420.
Interventions to Limit Aggressive Behavior
These web pages describe interventions.
· Centers for Disease Control. (n.d.). Prevent bullying. http://www.cdc.gov/Features/prevent-bullying/index.html
· Stop bullying. (n.d.). http://www.stopbullying.gov/
· Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). (n.d.). Workplace violence. https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/workplaceviolence/
These three resources focus on research and aggressive behaviors. You made need to search the Capella library or Google Scholar to find additional research and evidenced-based interventions.
· Belden, A. C., Gaffrey, M. S., ; Luby, J. L. (2012). Relational aggression in children with preschool-onset psychiatric disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child ; Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(9), 889–901.
· Hellmuth, J. C., Stappenbeck, C. A., Hoerster, K. D., ; Jakupcak, M. (2012). Modeling PTSD symptom clusters, alcohol misuse, anger, and depression as they relate to aggression and suicidality in returning U.S. veterans. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25(5), 527–534.
· Hershcovis, M. S., ; Reich, T. C. (2013). Integrating workplace aggression research: Relational, contextual, and method considerations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34, S26–S42.
Sample Research on Interventions to Promote Self Esteem and Efficacy
These resources focus on research and self-efficacy.
· Deb, S., Mukherjee, A., ; Mathews, B. (2011). Aggression in sexually abused trafficked girls and efficacy of intervention. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(4), 745–768.
· Field, R. D., Tobin, R. M., ; Reese-Weber, M. (2014). Agreeableness, social self-efficacy, and conflict resolution strategies. Journal of Individual Differences, 35(2), 95–102.
Training and Evaluation
The following resources provide information on planning and evaluating training.
· Kumpikaitė, V. (2007). Human resource training evaluation. Engineering Economics, 5(55), 29–36.
· National Gang Center, OJJDP Strategic Planning Tool. (n.d.). Aggression replacement training. https://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/SPT/Programs/7
· Oxenford, K., Daley, R., Lewis, C., Hill, M., ; Chitty, L. S. (2017). Development and evaluation of training resources to prepare health professionals for counselling pregnant women about non-invasive prenatal testing for down syndrome: A mixed methods study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 17(132), 1–11.
Use the Capella Library and the Internet to research social psychology theory related to aggression; self-concept and self-efficacy; workplace aggression; de-escalation of aggression, training activities, et cetera.
The deliverable for this assessment is an Aggression Intervention Training Program for handling potential situations of aggression, based on your own professional setting. This assessment requires you to apply research and creativity to develop a product you could use in professional life.
Assume the role in the scenario for the professional setting you currently work in, or a setting from your past experience.
Due to your training and expertise in social psychology, your agency (or company) director has asked you to design a training activity/intervention for staff to identify and manage potential aggression in your work environment, and to promote positive outcomes.
Design a research-based Aggression Intervention Training Program for staff to minimize aggression, within a setting from your professional experience. You may use the format of your choice for the deliverable, such as a report, proposal, et cetera.
Reflect on the prompts listed below each scoring guide criterion, as you develop this assessment.
· Evaluate how aggressive behavior may be influenced by the relationships, groups, and culture in a setting.
. What elements or conditions of the setting could contribute to potential aggressive behaviors?
. Are modifications in the environment needed?
. Are changes needed in the culture?
· Apply social psychological theory, research, and methods to design intervention training to minimize aggression in a specific setting.
. What does a staff person need to understand about their own reactions and triggers?
. How can staff quickly assess the aggressor’s own self-concept?
. What methods or techniques could staff use to minimize or de-escalate aggressive situations or behaviors?
. Use examples of aggressive behavior to illustrate interventions.
· Apply principles of social psychological and methods to design interventions that promote self-esteem and self-efficacy for clients and staff.
. Explain principles and methods that:
. Improve clients’ self-esteem.
. Support clients’ self-efficacy.
· Recommend future training to complement and enhance the Aggression Intervention Training.
· Support positions with references from scholarly and professional literature.
The Aggression Intervention Training must include the following:
. Describe the professional setting used as the basis for the assessment.
· Program Focus and Structure.
. Explain the focus of the aggression intervention plan—for example, sexual harassment/aggression, physical, male-on-male, female-on-male, male-on-female, workplace violence, domestic violence, dealing with violent clients or patients, et cetera.
. Outline the structure of the program—length, format, et cetera.
· Goals and Objectives.
. Identify primary goals and objectives related to the particular focus of the plan for the identified setting.
. Design interventions to minimize aggression.
. Design interventions that promote self-esteem and self-efficacy for clients and staff.
. Construct a Pre and Post-test on attitudes toward aggression.
· Recommendations for follow up training.
. Include an evaluation of Assertiveness Training as a complement to the Aggression Intervention Program.
· Length: Maximum length is 5 pages.
· Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and APA format and style.
· References: Include a minimum of five peer-reviewed references. Resources and in-text citations should be formatted according to current APA style and formatting.