Spanish speaking Counselor

PSY511 – Professional Ethics and the Law


Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

l. Why is practice in solving mock ethical dilemmas, as well as working to address actual dilem- mas under supervision of an educator or experienced clinician important?

a. Because ethical decision making skills are very easily learned.

b. Ethical situations happen infrequently and counselors shouldn’t worry so much about them.

c. Ethical decision making skills do not come automatically or easily and require practice, supervision and diligence in learning.

d. Because you wi II never be able to come up with the “correct” answer.

2. The ethical decision-making model introduced by Cottone is based upon what theoretical model?

a. general psychologically based models

b. post-positivism

c. social constructivism

d. none of the above

3. What does social constructivism mean to ethical decision making?

a. Decisions cannot be viewed as occurring internally (by an individual in isolation).

b. Decisions must be selected by the counselor weighing internal feelings and cognitions.

c. Decisions are best when made by a single individual.

d. Counselors must deliberate over a decision for a lengthy period of time.

4. Ethical decision making models often provide a series of steps for making an ethical choice, however they may fail to describe which of the following:

a. the consequences that can occur when an ineffective course of action is taken

b. how the choice in a specific course of action occurs (an exploratory framework for the deci- sion process itself)

c. how values are weighed by the decision maker

d. all of the above are correct

5. In the social constructivism model, the decision to breach an ethical standard or a challenge to a counselor’s professional ethics is a decision that is derived from past and present interac- tions. Which of the following forces come into play in this situation?

a. biological and social forces that affect interactions in one way or the other

b. biological forces

c. social forces

d. psychological determinants



PSY511 – Professional Eth ics and the Law

6. According to the social constructivism process in ethical decision making, when consensualizing fails, then parties may engage in reflective interaction to accomplish:

a. an agreement on the decision to be made

b. to determine whether arbitration should be undertaken

c. be able to make the decision on their own

d. to hold firm to their original position

7. Cottone’s model of ethical decision making is based on:

a. purely social-relational theory

b. purely relational model

c. ethical principles

d. psychologically-based ethical decision making

8. When colleagues engage in bullying, harassment, or emotional abuse of an individual within the workplace, this would be described as:

a. a normal difference of opinion that occasionally occurs within a workplace

b. a case of mobbing within an organizational culture

c. relational issues that are normal when people work closely with one another

d. individuals who are experiencing conflict due to holding similar values

9. Which of the following characteristics may place a work environment at risk for mobbing?

a. having more staff than is necessary (overstaffing)

b. increased stress in the workplace

c. unethical activities

d. both band c are correct

10. Several states have acknowledged that mental injury can result from excessive stress on the job and this phenomenon has been called:

a. mental health injury

b. overstress syndrome

c. organizational mental injury

d. occupational mental injury



PSY511 – Professional Eth ics and the Law


11. Which of the following may happen to a counselor that assumes the role of a “whistleblower”?

a. mobbing

b. mixed support from superiors and administration

c. potential life changing experience and increased stress

d. all of the above

12. At present there are several corporations that are establishing company policies that support an individual’s right to be employed in an environment that is free from mobbing.

a. True, this is happening at present.

b. False that is something for the future.

c. False, it would never work.

d. none of the above are correct

13. The way people would characterize a system’s general practices and procedures, such as the sense of safety or fear or retribution that a counselor may feel when faced with big or small decisions within this context would be described as?

a. climate

b. ethical climate

c. organizational climate

d. none of the above

14. To provide a service outside of the realm of medical psychotherapy and then bill it as medical psychotherapy is an example of:

a. sliding fee scales

b. fraudulent billing

c. double billing

d. all of the above

15. Pro bono publico refers to what?

a. Working as a counselor for the state, or county and serving the

general public.

b. Being an expert witness at a criminal trial.

c. A Spanish speaking Counselor or Therapist.

d. none of the above



PSY511 – Professional Ethics and the Law


16. This term describes when a diagnosis is more severe than diagnostically justified to ensure adequate insurance payment for the anticipated treatments.

a. double billing

b. overd iagnosis

c. fraudulent diagnostics

d. embellishment diagnostics

e. none of the above

17. It is standard practice to destroy case records generally years after services have

been term i nated.

a. 10-12

b. 2-4

c. 5-7

d. none of the above- by law case records are never to be destroyed.

18. Areas of major ethical concern in working with people with HIV include:

a. confidentiality

b. informed consent

c. stigma

d. both a and b are correct

19. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act do which of the following for individuals diagnosed with HIV/AIDS?

a. protect individuals who are diagnosed with HIV/AIDS from undue discrimination

b. do not protect individuals with HIV/AIDS from undue discrimination

c. protect only individuals with HIV from undue discrimination

d. protect only individuals with AIDS from undue discrimination

20. The Tarasoff outcome directs the counselor in which of the following actions when considering the safety of a th i rd party?

a. counselors are not responsible for warning third parties they may be in danger

b. counselors have a responsibility for third parties that they know may be in danger

c. cannot breach confidentiality no matter what the situation

d. may breach confidentiality only when suicide is involved



PSY511 – Professional Ethics and the Law


2l. Regarding the ethical issues surrounding complimentary and alternative medicine, which of the following statements is true?

a. The current status quo does not include a “don’t ask/don’t tell” approach.

b. CAM advocates may be denying the role of traditional medicine.

c. Managed care typically never reimburses for CAMs.

d. Individuals who choose CAMs as a treatment forfeit their right to autonomy.

22. What percentage of Americans feel that abortion should be legal in some form?

a. 25

b. 45

c. 70

d. 90

23. A type of test administration that especially does not transfer well to computerized assessment is:

a. vocational interest testing

b. aptitude testi ng

c. neuropsychological testing

d. persona I ity testi ng

24. An ethical concern in the area of distance education at present is:

a. lack of an outcome research base comparing traditional and distance education methods

b. it has been proven that distance ed ucation lacks program integrity

c. grades which are granted for courses

d. none of the above are correct answers

25. The most frequent strategies that unethical practitioners use to get around the ethical standards that exist in the area of web counseling are:

a. not holding membership in professional organizations that create standards that

are enforceable

b. using unregulated titles or service descriptions to elude regulatory authorities

c. not charging a fee for web counseling services

d. both a and b are correct answers


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