# SPSS Data Analysis Report Guidelines

**SPSS Data Analysis Report Guidelines**

For the SPSS data analysis report assignments in Assessments 2, 3, and 4, you will use the Data Analysis and Application (DAA) Template with the five sections described below. As shown in the IBM SPSS step-by-step guides, label all tables and graphs in a manner consistent with Capella’s APA Style and Format guidelines. Citations, if needed, should be included in the text and references included in a reference section at the end of the report. The organization of the report should include the following five sections:

**Section 1: Data File Description (One Paragraph)**

1. Describe the context of the data set. Cite a previous description if the same data set is used from a previous assignment. To increase the formal tone of the DAA, avoid first-person perspective “I.” For example, do not write, “I ran a scatter plot shown in Figure 1.” Instead, write, “Figure 1 shows. . . .”

2. Specify the variables used in this DAA and the scale of measurement of each variable.

3. Specify sample size (*N*).

**Section 2: Testing Assumptions (Multiple Paragraphs)**

1. Articulate the assumptions of the statistical test.

2. Paste SPSS output that tests those assumptions and interpret them. Properly embed SPSS output where appropriate. Do not string all output together at the beginning of the section. In other words, interpretations of figures and tables should be near (that is, immediately above or below) where the output appears. Format figures and tables per APA formatting. Refer to the examples in the IBM SPSS step-by-step guides.

3. Summarize whether or not the assumptions are met. If assumptions are not met, discuss how to ameliorate violations of the assumptions.

**Section 3: Research Question, Hypotheses, and Alpha Level (One Paragraph)**

1. Articulate a research question relevant to the statistical test.

2. Articulate the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis for the research question.

3. Specify the alpha level (.05 unless otherwise specified).

**Section 4: Interpretation (Multiple Paragraphs)**

1. Paste SPSS output for an inferential statistic and report it. Properly embed SPSS output where appropriate. Do not string all output together at the beginning of the section. In other words, interpretations of figures and tables should be near (that is, immediately above or below) where the output appears. Format figures and tables per APA formatting.

2. Report the test statistics. For guidance, refer to the “Results” examples at the end of the appropriate chapter of your Warner text.

3. Interpret statistical results against the null hypothesis.

**Section 5: Conclusion (Two Paragraphs)**

1. Provide a brief summary (one paragraph) of the DAA conclusions.

2. Analyze strengths and limitations of the statistical test.