The Final Research Paper will give students the ability to demonstrate application of geographical tools and theories. Students will have an opportunity to think critically about course materials and

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The Final Research Paper will give students the ability to demonstrate application of geographical tools and theories. Students will have an opportunity to think critically about course materials and their own research materials, and synthesize these materials in a way that allows them to see the world in a different way. The Final Research Paper will also give students the opportunity to produce a scholarly piece of writing based on a topic of their own choosing.

  1. For the Final Research Paper, build on the first four parts of the Research Project assignment to produce a well-organized, scholarly research paper.
  2. In addition to the sources used for the annotated bibliography, you should gather additional data from a variety of sources (e.g., newspaper articles, census data, business reports, government documents, etc.).
  3. You may want to return to your field excursion site to make and record more observations. Dates and times of these observations should be recorded clearly.
  4. The Final Research Paper should be formatted like a research article in an academic journal. You are encouraged to use journal articles as guides for formatting their essays, bearing in mind there are many different ways to format journal articles.
  5. The Research Papers must not simply add on the sections from the first parts of the Research Project but rather incorporate these materials to produce a well-written essay. Although components of a paper can be arranged very differently, the following elements must be included in the final submission.

    • data: data must be presented in a format that is legible, meaningful, suitable for the data type, and consistent with the style of the paper;
    • analysis: it is not enough to simply state results. Results must be analyzed and discussed, making connections to the theoretical framework used;
    • visual representation: all papers should have at least one map of the study area as well as one or more photographs. Papers can also use tables, charts, graphs, sketches, and other forms of visual representation that contribute to data presentation and analysis.

The Final Research Paper should include the following sections clearly identified using headings. Please note that sections do not have to use these titles; they can be more imaginative and descriptive. Please also note that different sections might be combined depending on the style and flow of the report:

  1. Introduction: describes the research topic; may include a map; should include a research question or problem statement, as well as an argument; should indicate briefly the theory being used; should set up the rest of the paper.
  2. Methods: briefly describes the methods used to gather data; can include a map; can include references to methods literature if used, including the course textbook if used.
  3. Theory: includes a discussion of the theoretical lens used and a review of the literature used for the study; links the theory to the research question.
  4. Results: describes the observations made (tables, charts, and diagrams can be included as necessary).
  5. Analysis and discussion: link results to the theory in a scholarly way that helps the reader to understand the phenomena being studied; may challenge existing literature and propose something new.
  6. Conclusion: briefly restates what the essay did and points to what other interesting work could be done; may include limitations; elegantly concludes the paper.

Notes

  • Please review the instructions for uploading assignment files through Turnitin.
  • The system will not allow you to resubmit after the due date.
  • Please review the instructions for reviewing your feedback in a Turnitin assignment.

Evaluation

Part E will be marked in its entirety out of 100. The following rubric indicates the criteria students are to adhere to, and their relative weights to the assignment overall.

Activity/Competencies DemonstratedGradePresentation and Organization/10a. all submission requirements are properly developed and well-organizedb. the report is well-organized, flows well, and uses headings where appropriateCritical Thinking and Analysis/60a. the topic and research approach is geographical and sufficient in scopeb. the selected literature is appropriately presented and synthesized c. empirical observations are described and explained in a well thought out analysis that synthesizes diverse academic and non-academic sources d. arguments and conclusions demonstrate a critical understanding of the topic and a sophisticated analysis of the research findings Writing Style/30a. writing is of scholarly  quality and free of errors in spelling, grammar, and syntaxb. writing and citation follows APA guidelines Total/100Helpful Hints

  1. Write essays in double-spacing; it allows for easier review and editing.
  2. Use APA referencing guidelines for citation and references.
  3. Do not use Wikipedia as a primary source – it is useful as a tool to help focus your thesis, and possibly direct you to find primary sources, but should not be quoted or used as a primary source itself.
  4. Ensure references assumed to be academic are indeed from academic sources (for example, peer reviewed journal articles retrieved from one the library databases). Many articles found readily online may not have been exposed to any editorial process and should be carefully investigated before being used as a resource. Non-academic sources (such as newspaper articles) can also be useful but they should not be presented as academic works.

PART C is attached

PART B

of my project topic selection.

topic selection (theory)

Burnaby skilled economic prosperity and a few commenced to undertake an extra liberal mindset toward its numerous residents. Many industrial and commercial businesses call Burnaby home. The Metropolis at Metrotown, Western Columbia’s (and Canada’s) biggest industrial mall, is located in Burnaby. It also keeps a small amount of agricultural land, particularly along the Fraser shoreline apartments in the Big Bend neighborhood on its southern border.

My study site is the downtown of the Burnaby Metrotown.  The research topic is about Income inequality which has been one of the significant human geographical issues facing the country for the last decades. Metrotown is sample research to investigate the impact of income inequality on the people and the extent to which income inequality has risen. Income inequality attracts both economic, political, and social concerns of the country. The reason why income inequality may have risen in the country is that economic forces keep on economic forces keep on concentrating wealth and income to those who are rich in the country. The theoretical lens is economic development.

The Final Research Paper will give students the ability to demonstrate application of geographical tools and theories. Students will have an opportunity to think critically about course materials and
Running head: Annotated bibliography 0 Annotated bibliography Simrandeep Kaur Yorkville university GEOG210 – Human Geography (Hybrid) Professor Mr. Shahid Hassan 15 November, 2021 Annotated Bibliography Christopher C. (2014). Housing Affordability within Complete Communities: A Descriptive Case Study of Metrotown Town Centre. Simon Fraser University. In the study, the researcher examined the livable region strategy which outlines the vision for the Metro Vancouver region that focuses on development as well as growth on the strategically placed region town center. Metro town, is a community in the Vancouver suburb of Burnaby, it was among the four initial region town centers. The author also looks at the reason behind the success of the town which was as a result of the city of Burnaby being committed to developing the metro town as the complete community. The author argues that the disconnect that exists between housing and affordability, as well as complete community principles at the metro town, led to the displacement of the residents through the demolitions. The author used quantitative as well as qualitative methods for analyzing the way Metrotown performs as a community that embodies housing affordability as well as complete community principles. The conclusion was that Burnaby started the path for the development of Metrotown which laid the foundation for the Metrotown explosive growth being seen today. The study is relevant as it provides a case study for use by urban planners as well as academics who are interested in housing affordability outcomes for urban intensification schemes including a complete community. Rob F., Nadine S., & Jennifer H., (2006). Improving Census-based Socioeconomic GIS for Public Policy: Recent Immigrants, Spatially Concentrated Poverty and Housing Need in Vancouver. Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6 The authors, Rob Fiedler, Nadine Schuurman, and Jennifer Hyndman from Simon Fraser University presented the innovative approach for developing a discerning spatial dimension for risks of homelessness among the recent immigrants in Vancouver, Canada. In conducting the study the authors used the dissymmetric mapping as well as a postal survey for improving resolution as well as utility for the census data. The key finding illustrated the potentiality for the development of more nuanced understanding for spatial dimension for complex socioeconomic phenomena by use of combinations for secondary data as well as primary data. For the study it argued the high-resolution data aided in identification as well as understanding of socioeconomic phenomena which is highly localized as well as misrepresented by the coarsely data which is aggregated. The study is relevant since it provides the discussion for potential population surveillance and being weighed against benefits for the policy makers, researchers, organizations and the non-governmental. Craig E., & David L., (2016). Transit-oriented development and gentrification along Metro Vancouver’s low-income Sky Train corridor. University of British Columbia.60(1). DOI:10.1111/cag.12256 The authors for this study, Craig Jones and David Ley, examined incipient gratification for the low-income corridors which follow alignment of Sky Train rapid transit routes via Vancouver as well as the suburbs. For the corridor it contained the concentration for aging, private, low-rise apartments which were built via welfare state programs for 40-50 years ago having become affordable home for the poor residents including the recent refugees as well as immigrants. In conducting of the study focus groups in the suburban Burnaby confirmed the neighborhoods as highly valued by the residents since they are near family service as well as the stations for the sky trains. The key finding was that the transit proximity was bringing transformations via regional sustainability policies transit for development that permitted the construction of the high-density condominium tower around the stations. In the Burnaby the redevelopment being accelerated by up zoning policies for NDP-led municipal council, removed planning protections from apartments. The study is relevant since it contributes to the critical assessment of the TOD as well as state aided gentrification demonstrating how the environment aspirations could exclude social justice from the policy registers. Craig E., (2015). Transit-Oriented Development and Gentrification in Metro Vancouver’s Low-Income Sky Train Corridor. University of Toronto. vi, 40 pp. ISBN 978-0-7727-9123-8 The author, Craig Jones the transit-oriented developments as well as gentrification where from 2012 up to 2014, the Burnaby city had been issuing demolitions permits for over 300 apartments. This was not significant amount in context for the apartment’s demolition in Vancouver regions in that period, but its notable that almost 50 apartments units were demolished in Burnaby in the period of 2002 to 2011 as well as most recent demolitions being concentrated in a single area. The area was neighborhood for Maywood in the Burnaby region town center of the Metrotown. The report analyses data from 2010 national household survey as well as the other quantitative data that was complemented with dozen expert interview with four focus groups with the local residents. The findings are that presence of low incomes in Sky Train corridor is strongly linked with the dense concentrations for the purpose constructed apartments. The study is relevant since low income individuals appreciate the area due to amenities being provided while for demolished apartments they are replaced by the condominium towers. Keltie Craig Consulting (2021). Social Equity & Regional Growth Study: Considerations for integrating social equity into regional planning and Metro 2050. The author examined the growth for Metro Vancouver by involving the social equity to the regional growth planning being vital to ensure region move forward in equitable as well as inclusive way. Main purpose for equity and regional growth was identifying how the social equity consideration could better inform the growth of the region. A quantitative spatial research being undertaken in study was being developed by the mapping series of the 49 social indicators for equity, production of the inequity baseline. This was the first inequity of baseline developed for the Metro Vancouver as well as first of its kind in Canada bringing together data in that manner. 49 indicators for inequity baseline were analyzed by the use of principle components analysis. Groups as well as weighs data based on the similarities in the variations as well as correlation. It was relevant since it assisted in identification of the patterns as well as consolidating larger amount of dataset examined by the study. References Christopher C. (2014). Housing Affordability within Complete Communities: A Descriptive Case Study of Metrotown Town Centre. Rob F., Nadine S., & Jennifer H., (2006). Improving Census-based Socioeconomic GIS for Public Policy: Recent Immigrants, Spatially Concentrated Poverty and Housing Need in Vancouver. Department of Geography, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6 Craig E., & David L., (2016). Transit-oriented development and gentrification along Metro Vancouver’s low-income Sky Train corridor. University of British Columbia.60(1). DOI:10.1111/cag.12256 Craig E., (2015). Transit-Oriented Development and Gentrification in Metro Vancouver’s Low-Income Sky Train Corridor. University of Toronto. vi, 40 pp. ISBN 978-0-7727-9123-8 v Keltie Craig Consulting (2021). Social Equity & Regional Growth Study: Considerations for integrating social equity into regional planning and Metro 2050.
The Final Research Paper will give students the ability to demonstrate application of geographical tools and theories. Students will have an opportunity to think critically about course materials and
Running head: Annotated bibliography 0 Annotated bibliography Simrandeep Kaur Yorkville university GEOG210 – Human Geography (Hybrid) Professor Mr. Shahid Hassan 15 November, 2021 Annotated Bibliography Christopher C. (2014). Housing Affordability within Complete Communities: A Descriptive Case Study of Metrotown Town Centre. Simon Fraser University. In the study, the researcher examined the livable region strategy which outlines the vision for the Metro Vancouver region that focuses on development as well as growth on the strategically placed region town center. Metro town, is a community in the Vancouver suburb of Burnaby, it was among the four initial region town centers. The author also looks at the reason behind the success of the town which was as a result of the city of Burnaby being committed to developing the metro town as the complete community. The author argues that the disconnect that exists between housing and affordability, as well as complete community principles at the metro town, led to the displacement of the residents through the demolitions. The author used quantitative as well as qualitative methods for analyzing the way Metrotown performs as a community that embodies housing affordability as well as complete community principles. The conclusion was that Burnaby started the path for the development of Metrotown which laid the foundation for the Metrotown explosive growth being seen today. The study is relevant as it provides a case study for use by urban planners as well as academics who are interested in housing affordability outcomes for urban intensification schemes including a complete community. Rob F., Nadine S., & Jennifer H., (2006). Improving Census-based Socioeconomic GIS for Public Policy: Recent Immigrants, Spatially Concentrated Poverty and Housing Need in Vancouver. Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6 The authors, Rob Fiedler, Nadine Schuurman, and Jennifer Hyndman from Simon Fraser University presented the innovative approach for developing a discerning spatial dimension for risks of homelessness among the recent immigrants in Vancouver, Canada. In conducting the study the authors used the dissymmetric mapping as well as a postal survey for improving resolution as well as utility for the census data. The key finding illustrated the potentiality for the development of more nuanced understanding for spatial dimension for complex socioeconomic phenomena by use of combinations for secondary data as well as primary data. For the study it argued the high-resolution data aided in identification as well as understanding of socioeconomic phenomena which is highly localized as well as misrepresented by the coarsely data which is aggregated. The study is relevant since it provides the discussion for potential population surveillance and being weighed against benefits for the policy makers, researchers, organizations and the non-governmental. Craig E., & David L., (2016). Transit-oriented development and gentrification along Metro Vancouver’s low-income Sky Train corridor. University of British Columbia.60(1). DOI:10.1111/cag.12256 The authors for this study, Craig Jones and David Ley, examined incipient gratification for the low-income corridors which follow alignment of Sky Train rapid transit routes via Vancouver as well as the suburbs. For the corridor it contained the concentration for aging, private, low-rise apartments which were built via welfare state programs for 40-50 years ago having become affordable home for the poor residents including the recent refugees as well as immigrants. In conducting of the study focus groups in the suburban Burnaby confirmed the neighborhoods as highly valued by the residents since they are near family service as well as the stations for the sky trains. The key finding was that the transit proximity was bringing transformations via regional sustainability policies transit for development that permitted the construction of the high-density condominium tower around the stations. In the Burnaby the redevelopment being accelerated by up zoning policies for NDP-led municipal council, removed planning protections from apartments. The study is relevant since it contributes to the critical assessment of the TOD as well as state aided gentrification demonstrating how the environment aspirations could exclude social justice from the policy registers. Craig E., (2015). Transit-Oriented Development and Gentrification in Metro Vancouver’s Low-Income Sky Train Corridor. University of Toronto. vi, 40 pp. ISBN 978-0-7727-9123-8 The author, Craig Jones the transit-oriented developments as well as gentrification where from 2012 up to 2014, the Burnaby city had been issuing demolitions permits for over 300 apartments. This was not significant amount in context for the apartment’s demolition in Vancouver regions in that period, but its notable that almost 50 apartments units were demolished in Burnaby in the period of 2002 to 2011 as well as most recent demolitions being concentrated in a single area. The area was neighborhood for Maywood in the Burnaby region town center of the Metrotown. The report analyses data from 2010 national household survey as well as the other quantitative data that was complemented with dozen expert interview with four focus groups with the local residents. The findings are that presence of low incomes in Sky Train corridor is strongly linked with the dense concentrations for the purpose constructed apartments. The study is relevant since low income individuals appreciate the area due to amenities being provided while for demolished apartments they are replaced by the condominium towers. Keltie Craig Consulting (2021). Social Equity & Regional Growth Study: Considerations for integrating social equity into regional planning and Metro 2050. The author examined the growth for Metro Vancouver by involving the social equity to the regional growth planning being vital to ensure region move forward in equitable as well as inclusive way. Main purpose for equity and regional growth was identifying how the social equity consideration could better inform the growth of the region. A quantitative spatial research being undertaken in study was being developed by the mapping series of the 49 social indicators for equity, production of the inequity baseline. This was the first inequity of baseline developed for the Metro Vancouver as well as first of its kind in Canada bringing together data in that manner. 49 indicators for inequity baseline were analyzed by the use of principle components analysis. Groups as well as weighs data based on the similarities in the variations as well as correlation. It was relevant since it assisted in identification of the patterns as well as consolidating larger amount of dataset examined by the study. References Christopher C. (2014). Housing Affordability within Complete Communities: A Descriptive Case Study of Metrotown Town Centre. Rob F., Nadine S., & Jennifer H., (2006). Improving Census-based Socioeconomic GIS for Public Policy: Recent Immigrants, Spatially Concentrated Poverty and Housing Need in Vancouver. Department of Geography, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6 Craig E., & David L., (2016). Transit-oriented development and gentrification along Metro Vancouver’s low-income Sky Train corridor. University of British Columbia.60(1). DOI:10.1111/cag.12256 Craig E., (2015). Transit-Oriented Development and Gentrification in Metro Vancouver’s Low-Income Sky Train Corridor. University of Toronto. vi, 40 pp. ISBN 978-0-7727-9123-8 v Keltie Craig Consulting (2021). Social Equity & Regional Growth Study: Considerations for integrating social equity into regional planning and Metro 2050.

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