Where you reside, do you pay taxes on goods and services? If so, do you believe these taxes affect low-income people more than high-income people? How high is your property tax, and how does it affect the quality of your public services—such as schools and fire services—as compared to other locations? These questions all relate to tax equity. The taxes governments require for revenue include property, income, sales (on goods and services), and others. Some of these taxes are perceived as unfair or unjust, depending on such things as what is being taxed and who has the heaviest tax burden. For this Discussion, review the assigned readings in the Mikesell text. Think about tax structures and whether they seem to fit with your understanding of concepts of equity and fairness.
With these thoughts in mind:
By Day 4
Post an evaluation of two types of taxes (e.g., property, income, sales, etc.) using the criteria in the Mikesell text. Then, explain whether you consider the taxes fair and equitable, and why. Describe how tax equity coexists with a government’s need to collect taxes for revenue.
Mikesell, J. L. (2018).
Fiscal administration: Analysis and applications for the public sector (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
- Chapter 8, “Taxation: Criteria for Evaluating Revenue Options” (pp. 354-400)
- Chapter 9, “Major Tax Structures: Income Taxes” (pp. 389-433)
- Chapter 10, “Major Tax Structures: Taxes on Goods and Services” (pp. 441–481)
- Chapter 11, “Major Tax Structures: Property Taxes” (pp. 488–528)