Answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be at least three typed, double-spaced pages, with a 12-point font and 1 inch margins
1. Nomadic pastoral peoples organized their societies along lines very distinct from their counterparts in settled agricultural societies. To what extent did the natural environment and the demands of a pastoral economy influence social, economic, and political organization on the Eurasian steppe lands?
2. Long distance travelers facilitated the spread of many cultural traditions, technologies, and biological species through the eastern hemisphere: Islam, Christianity, gunpowder, the compass, sugarcane, bubonic plague, etc. Taking both a short-term and a long-term view, which do you consider the most important effects of long distance travel in the era 1200 to 1500 C.E. and why?