Respond to Amanda as if you’re having a conversation with her. Respond to Amanda who was assigned a different article than you by further supporting his or her critique or respectfully offering a differing perspective. $5 post one question and a few sentences
The problem in this research presented was that children in more poverty type communities are more likely to be under the influence of violence. The theory that could be used for this problem is the theory of criminal behavior, I chose this one out the few that was there because this in my eyes relates more to the problem. “Theoretically, social learning models purport that the mechanism of behavioral transmission from individual to individual, or from generation to generation, is the adoption of observed behavior of important role models within the child’s environment.” (A. Bandura. R. L. Burgess and R. L. Akers) These theories could help explain why this is a reoccurring problem that we have in the world. The other did mention that violence in children is a problem and then narrowed the perspective to those who live in areas of poverty. The purpose of the article isn’t directly stated but it is implied some on trying to help children stay away from violence especially in areas in poverty. Some variables that are included within this research are African American, Hispanic, Other, Family gang association, Peer gang association, Family/friend being attacked, Witnessing gun violence, Fear of neighborhood violence, Hiding due to gun violence, Social self-control, and Aggression (Forster, M., Grigsby, T. J., Unger, J. B., & Sussman, S. (2015). These variables impacted the research in their own unique way because each variable brings their own independent variables to be accounted for. Information about the sample, population, or participants are provided in charts within the research. The key results are summarized to help the audience summarize and understand what they read. There were very few critiqued with the literature provided but it was more of a comparison between the literature and their work. Some citations support the works and others done and with this article being 5 years old its hard to find one that was creditable within the last five years. The literature does help justify the importance of the topic study.
The problem is identified which does lead to for this wonderful and long study. “Empirical evidence from ecological investigations of risk behavior has established the link between community violence exposure, family processes, affiliations with delinquent peers, and a multitude of interpersonal and behavioral problems including elevated levels of violence victimization and perpetration” (Forster, M., Grigsby, T. J., Unger, J. B., & Sussman, S. (2015). This is the starting point with this research going through different perspectives and seeing how each factor plays a role in the problem and solution. There is no clear justification of the problem, but I believe that the main thing is that children need a positive role model at an early age to make sure they don’t go down the wrong path. The problem is constant with the research approach that the author used, and the statement does convey how the authors plan on tackling the problem. The citation of the literature is mostly updated for when it was published but not almost all us out of date.
For research to be justified in literature the literature must be with five years of the research and publication. For instance, a research paper on world hunger would need to have literature from 2015- 2019 for the research to be justified in literature. You can have literature older than five years that gets the job done it just won’t be justified. The problem with being an original using the litmus test is that it may not fit with all your research and literature. The litmus test should mostly used for political and historical documents but could be other documents if you use it correctly.
A. Bandura, Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Oxford, UK, 1973.
Forster, M., Grigsby, T. J., Unger, J. B., & Sussman, S. (2015). Associations between gun violence exposure, gang associations, and youth aggression: Implications for prevention and intervention programs. Journal of Criminology,
R. L. Burgess and R. L. Akers, “A differential association-reinforcement theory of criminal behavior,” Social Problems, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 128–147, 1966. View at Google Scholar