Week 5 Discussion 1 – Kamecia Blake

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Provide any other regional comparisons or patterns that were not previously discussed. 5 sentences and a question

Ayers
(1984) examination of crime and punishment in the Old South from 1800
to the Civil War found that slaveholding culture, closeness to the
frontier, and overall pessimistic view of human nature help explain
crime of the period by which violence stemmed mainly from men protecting
their honor. All white Southerners felt the need to protect their honor
from public attack. In a place where liquor also lowered barriers to
self-restraint, insults in the South often led to quick violence, as men
felt the need to protect the honor of their family names. Honor acted
as a catalyst that ignited the volatile mix of slavery, liquor, and
weapons permeating in the South (Ayers, 1984).

During
this period, punishing criminals was based on association, which
created isolation. Criminals were confined and isolated in prisons and
penitentiaries (Roth, 2011). Many Southerners, especially North
Carolinians, viewed state-operated penitentiaries as infringements upon
people’s honor and rights. State governments, conversely, often
welcomed the social order that accompanied penitentiaries. Cities of
the Old South also grew during this period, but in the late 1850s, an
economic downturn led to increased public disorder. Many cities created
police forces to protect industries and the welfare of their citizens.
Most arrests in Southern cities came from young white males for crimes
of property, while police officers rarely arrested wealthy Southerners
for their illegal infractions. Officers hoped to both deter and punish
criminals, but the personal and moderate court systems of the South
required most convicted criminals to pay fines, rarely using
imprisonment as punishment. The lack of authority invested in police
officers, combined with ideas of honor, economic depression, heavy
drinking, and a very lenient court system, led to steadily increasing
crime throughout the South during the pre-Civil War years (Akers,
1984).

In
my region, which is the Caribbean the violent crimes that exist are
murder, robberies and aggravated burglaries. The increased use of
illegal firearms in the commission of offenses although the Caribbean
does not manufacture guns and ammunition continues to be a challenge for
law enforcement and border security.

The
international comparison from the Civil War will be China with the fall
of the Tibetan Dynasty, where crime and punishment were influenced by
association, status, and economics.

References

Ayers, E. (1984). Vengeance and Justice: Crime and Punishment in the 19th- Century American. New York: Oxford University Press.

Petersilia,
J. (1987, June). Retrieved from The influence of Criminal Justice
Research: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/150371.pdf

Roth, M. (2011). Crime and Punishment: A history of the Criminal Justice System. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.

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