What is meant by the term hidden corporate culture

1.

What is meant by the term hidden corporate culture?

  a.

the values and beliefs of the corporation that shape employees’ attitudes

b.

the tendency to promote individuals to their level of incompetence

c.

an organization’s tendency to shift goals to perpetuate its existence

d.

the placement of minorities in highly visible but powerless positions

 

2.

Anthony, a retired Army officer, is a professor of sociology at a small state university. During the Vietnam War, he was awarded the Medal of Honor and he usually wears a small ribbon on the lapel of his suit coat denoting this. He also wears his West Point ring from the class of 1965. Using the terminology of dramaturgy, the lapel pin and class ring would be classified as ________.

  a.

stages

b.

background assumptions

c.

role performances

d.

props

 

3.

How does the mass media influence gender roles in contemporary American society?

  a.

It encourages a sexless society.

b.

It encourages women to assume male roles to be successful.

c.

It reinforces gender roles considered appropriate for one’s sex.

d.

It encourages cross-gender behavior.

 

4.

What did the Harlow experiment conclude as being the key to infant-mother bonding?

  a.

peer socialization

b.

feeding and grooming

c.

intimate social contact

d.

intellectual development

 

5.

Jane is a 49-year-old woman of Irish-German descent. What do these characteristics have in common?

  a.

These are examples of her ascribed statuses.

b.

These are examples of her achieved statuses.

c.

These, particularly her Irish-German descent, are part of her master status.

d.

These characteristics are examples of status inconsistency.

 

6.

Which of Williams’ U.S. values is contradicts the other values of freedom, democracy, and equality?

  a.

science and technology

b.

material comfort

c.

group superiority

d.

religiosity

 

7.

Which groups of social theorists would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society?

  a.

symbolic interactionists and structural functionalists

b.

symbolic interactionists and conflict theorists

c.

conflict theorists and structural functionalists

d.

conflict theorists and symbolic interactionists

 

8.

Sociologists have identified an emerging set of five interrelated values in American society. What are these emerging values?

  a.

self-destiny, spirituality, environmental concern, technological awareness, and physical fitness

b.

leisure, self-fulfillment, physical fitness, youthfulness, and environmental concern

c.

freedom, equality, romantic love, youthfulness, and physical fitness

d.

romantic love, individualism, mental health, self-fulfillment, and equality

 

9.

Steve and Naomi are counting the empty whiskey bottles in trashcans to measure the level of whiskey consumption in town. These researchers are using a method of research referred to as ________.

  a.

documentation

b.

participant observation

c.

survey research

d.

unobtrusive measures

 

10.

The spread of cultural characteristics from one group to another refers to ________.

  a.

folkways

b.

cultural diffusion

c.

values

d.

cultural universals

 

11.

A young woman is contemplating a particular behavior, in this case, dropping out of college. She is also considering an awareness of the self in relationship to others to avoid feelings of shame and embarrassment. This is referred to as her ________.

  a.

socialized self as subject

b.

self-actualized stage

c.

social mirror

d.

reality principle

 

12.

How would an organization minimize the occurrence of groupthink?

  a.

using a highly authoritative leader

b.

hiring the most intelligent applicants

c.

giving free rein to diverse opinions

d.

submitting to public review and scrutiny

 

13.

Why do many sociologists object to psychoanalysis as a valid explanation for human behavior?

  a.

Sociologists reject the notion that personality develops in stages.

b.

Sociologists disagree on the influence of the super ego as a balancing force of behavior.

c.

Sociologists argue that Freud failed to study a wide range of subjects before developing his theory.

d.

Sociologists object to the view that inborn and subconscious motivations are the primary reasons for human behavior.

 

14.

Good nutrition, medical care, comfortable housing, and a nice car are included in a classification of values in American society that sociologist Robin Williams would call ________.

  a.

achievement and success

b.

progress

c.

material comfort

d.

efficiency and practicality

 

15.

Which of the following statements is the best example of a hypothesis?

  a.

“All men are created equal.”

b.

“A penny saved is a penny earned.”

c.

“Unemployed men are more likely to commit spousal abuse than employed men.”

d.

“More than 300 million people live in the United States.”

 

16.

The technique created by Sigmund Freud for the treatment of emotional problems through long-term, intensive exploration of the subconscious mind is referred to as ________.

  a.

transactional analysis

b.

rational emotive therapy

c.

psychoanalysis

d.

reality therapy

 

17.

Jarod is conducting research on the homeless. For six weeks, he has lived among the homeless “24/7,” sleeping on the street or at a shelter, and engaging in the same activities as the population he is studying. By doing so, Jarod has been able to gather a broad understanding of the homeless, their needs, and characteristics. In view of this, Jarod is using ________ as a method of gathering data.

  a.

representative sampling

b.

secondary analysis

c.

content analysis

d.

participant observation

 

18.

Anthropologists Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf concluded that ________.

  a.

objects and events force themselves onto our consciousness

b.

language creates ways of thinking and perceiving

c.

symbols are the basis of human relationships

d.

learning a new language creates cultural diversity

 

19.

Sam is conducting interviews to assess students’ opinions on how President Bush handled the second Gulf War. Because this is a controversial topic at Sam’s conservative campus, what is the best way for him to develop a sense of rapport with the sample?

  a.

He should pay the interviewed students a stipend for their cooperation.

b.

He should begin by asking neutral questions and holding off on sensitive issues.

c.

He should tell the students he interviews their identities will be kept secret.

d.

He should begin by telling the participants that he is a Democrat.

 

20.

Which of the following topics would most likely be approached based on a macrosociological analysis?

  a.

a study of the social norms used by street corner men

b.

a study of the face-to-face interaction of members of a research group

c.

a study of the impact of terrorism on the travel plans of business people

d.

a study of the ways in which children in a play group develop language skills

 

21.

There are New York Yankee fans in every state in America, throughout Canada, and in nations all over the world. Sociologically, which concept best describes these fans?

  a.

They are a group.

b.

They are a social group.

c.

They are an aggregate.

d.

They are a category.

 

22.

In which group would diffusion of responsibility be the greatest concern?

  a.

a married couple

b.

the graduating class of a large university

c.

a football team

d.

a basketball team

 

23.

What are the three primary variables in determining one’s social class?

  a.

race, sex, residence

b.

income, education, occupational prestige

c.

race, sex, income

d.

income, education, sex

 

24.

Pigs, spiders, elephants, and other animals that rely solely on instinct act as they do because they lack a ________.

  a.

cerebral cortex

b.

brain

c.

central nervous system

d.

moral compass

 

25.

Most American high schools routinely schedule ceremonies to recognize the most talented student athletes and scholars. Such activities illustrate the importance that Americans place on which value, as defined by sociologist Robin Williams?

  a.

efficiency and practicality

b.

achievement and success

c.

group superiority

d.

freedom

 

26.

Which of the following examination formats is most likely to incorporate closed-ended questions?

  a.

an essay exam

b.

a multiple-choice exam

c.

an oral exam

d.

a fill-in-the-blank exam

 

27.

An approach to social interaction in which social life is analyzed in terms of the stage is called ________.

  a.

ethnomethodology

b.

functional analysis

c.

dramaturgy

d.

phenomenological analysis

 

28.

Most major companies sponsor “diversity training” lectures and workshops for their employees. What is the ultimate purpose of these efforts?

  a.

to stimulate an understanding of cultural differences

b.

to professionally develop staff

c.

to increase company profits and competitiveness

d.

to emphasize the qualities that will lead to a worker’s success

 

29.

Sociologically, what term best applies to a group of people who share no common destination taking an elevator from the first floor of a large high rise?

  a.

a social frame

b.

a category

c.

an aggregate

d.

a clique

 

30.

Which of the following represents a correct sequence of steps in the research process?

  a.

Select a topic, collect the data, review the literature, share the results.

b.

Review the literature, select a topic, collect the data, choose a research method.

c.

Choose a research method, select a topic, collect the data, formulate a hypothesis.

d.

Select a topic, review the literature, collect the data, share the results.

 

31.

In recent years, cultures have become more similar to each other as a result of travel and communication. Sociologists use the term “________” to describe this process.

  a.

cultural bridging

b.

cultural adaptation

c.

cultural dissolution

d.

cultural leveling

 

32.

Several years ago, the gay community applied for a permit to march in the St. Patrick Day’s Parade in Boston. When denied, the gay community filed suit and won. Rather than permitting the gay community to march in the parade, the parade trustees cancelled the event. Sociologists would suggest this conflict in values between the trustees of the parade and the gay community would eventually lead to ________.

  a.

consensus that gays are evil because they caused a traditional event to be cancelled

b.

social change that brings attention to gay rights and eventual acceptance

c.

social integration of the gay and straight communities resulting in a bisexual society

d.

armed conflict, or “cultural war, ” between the gay and straight communities

 

33.

________ are the social ties that radiate outward from the self and link people together.

  a.

Cyber socializations

b.

Secondary societies

c.

Social networks

d.

Electronic communities

 

34.

Kody is a member of the L.A. Crips. The other gangs in his territory are the Bloods and Satan’s Slaves. Kody feels very antagonistic towards the Bloods and the Slaves. For Kody, these

"Is this question part of your assignment? We can help"

ORDER NOW